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Table 1 Description of Immigrant Detention facilities

From: Clinicians’ perceptions of the health status of formerly detained immigrants

Facility Governance Target population Purpose
United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Department of Homeland Security All people crossing the border without documentation, including men, women, boys and girls Processing or intake usually at the border, usually the first point of detention
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)a Department of Homeland Security
(Including Service Processing Centers, Contract Detention Facilities, Intergovernmental Service Agreements, U.S. Marshals Service Intergovernmental Agreement) [8]
Adults (men and women) or Families (parents and children) Mandatory detention for certain categories of immigrants while their immigration proceedings pend;
ICE has discretion to release on bond or parole, immigration judges may release on bond
State-licensed shelters run by non-profit organizations throughout the country to detain unaccompanied children until sponsors can be identified and screened for reunification U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) Unaccompanied children Holding children while locating a family member or other eligible sponsor while their legal case is pending, until the child turns 18
  1. aICE contracts with both local governments and private prison companies, such as the GEO Group, Inc. and Core Civic, to operate the majority of its vast network of facilities [9]