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Table 3 Crude and adjusted Proportional Ratios of alcohol abuse on solitary death among subgroups of each potential risk factor

From: Alcohol abuse as a potential risk factor of solitary death among people living alone: a cross-sectional study in Kyoto, Japan

  Alcohol abuse Non-alcohol abuse Proportion ratio (95% CI) p-value for interaction
Solitary death Total Solitary death Total Crude Age Sex Adjusted
SES        0.33
   Low 22 32 21 35 1.15 (0.80–1.63) 1.25 (0.86–1.83)  
   High 20 36 44 132 1.67 (1.14–2.43) 1.60 (1.09–2.35)  
ADL        0.08
   Low 6 8 5 23 3.45 (1.44–8.26) 4.44 (2.40–8.21)  
   High 36 60 60 144 1.44 (1.09–1.91) 1.42 (1.07–1.89)  
Relatives        0.26
   Present 35 56 52 143 1.72 (1.28–2.31) 1.67 (1.23–2.27)  
   Absent 7 12 13 24 1.08 (0.59–1.97) 0.98 (0.48–2.00)  
Death in the summer season      0.84   
   Yes 13 21 15 41 1.69 (1.00–2.86) 1.85 (1.11–3.08)  
   No 29 47 50 126 1.55 (1.13–2.12) 1.46 (1.05–2.03)  
Smoking        0.34
   Yes 27 47 21 54 1.48 (0.98–2.24) 1.48 (0.99–2.24)  
   No 15 21 44 113 1.83 (1.29–2.62) 1.76 (1.21–2.56)  
Psychiatric diseases        0.30
   Yes 11 22 12 32 1.33 (0.73–2.46) 1.48 (0.78–2.80)  
   No 31 46 53 135 1.72 (1.28–2.29) 1.65 (1.22–2.23)  
NCDs        0.80
   Yes 29 45 46 114 1.60 (1.17–2.18) 1.56 (1.12–2.16)  
   No 13 23 19 53 1.58 (0.95–2.62) 1.56 (0.93–2.60)  
  1. CI confidence interval, ADL activities of daily living, SES socioeconomic status, NCDs noncommunicable diseases