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Table 2 Baseline sociodemographic, reproductive health, and clinical characteristics according to CHW and CIC groups and Zone subgroups

From: Recruitment strategies to promote uptake of cervical cancer screening in the West Region of Cameroon

Variable CIC (1140/1356), n (%) P-Value CHW (565/584), n (%) P- Value
Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4
Participants recruited n (%) 1002 (87.9%) 88 (7.7%) 32 (2.8%) 18 (1.6%)   218 (38.6%) 164 (29.0%) 78 (13.8%) 105 (18.6%)  
Age (years), mean ± SD 39.1 (±5.9) 41.4 (±5.6) 41.5 (±5.4) 42.3 (±4.3) <  0.001 40.9 (±5.7) 43.1 (±5.4) 43 (±5.5) 41.9 (±5.3) <  0.001
Marital status      <  0.001      0.023
 Single 81 (8.1%) 3 (3.4%) 3 (9.4%) 0   15 (6.9%) 6 (3.7%) 2 (2.6%) 0  
 Married/In a relationship 870 (86.8%) 76 (86.4%) 25 (78.1%) 13 (72.2%)   189 (86.7%) 133 (81.1%) 65 (83.3%) 91 (86.7%)  
 Divorced/widowed 50 (5.0%) 9 (10.2%) 4 (12.5%) 5 (27.8%)   14 (6.4%) 25 (15.2%) 11 (14.1%) 13 (12.4%)  
Education      < 0.001      <  0.001
 Unschooled 3 (0.3%) 2 (2.3%) 0 0   1 (0.5%) 6 (3.7%) 1 (1.3%) 1 (1.0%)  
 Primary education 174 (17.4%) 25 (28.4%) 12 (37.5%) 11 (61.1%)   86 (39.5%) 85 (51.8%) 47 (60.3%) 51 (48.6%)  
 Secondary education and higher 824 (82.2%) 61 (69.3%) 20 (62.5%) 7 (38.9%)   131 (60.1%) 72 (43.9%) 30 (38.5%) 52 (49.5%)  
Employment status      < 0.001      <  0.001
 Employed 382 (38.1%) 16 (18.2%) 8 (25%) 3 (16.7%)   36 (16.5%) 11 (6.7%) 10 (12.8%) 3 (2.9%)  
 Self-employed 332 (33.1%) 14 (15.9%) 2 (6.3%) 2 (11.1%)   76 (34.9%) 30 (18.3%) 6 (7.7%) 6 (5.7%)  
 Farmer 55 (5.5%) 30 (34.1%) 11 (34.4%) 9 (50%)   33 (15.1%) 81 (49.4%) 50 (92.3%) 80 (76.2%)  
 Unemployed, Housewife and student 232 (23.2%) 28 (31.4%) 11 (34.4%) 4 (22.2%)   73 (33.5%) 42 (25.6%) 12 (15.4%) 15 (14.3%)  
Age at menarche (years), mean ± SD 14.6 (1.8) 14.6 (1.8) 15.1 (1.8) 14.7 (1.6) 0.389 15.0 (1.7) 14.7 (1.6) 14.9 (1.7) 14.9 (1.8) 0.583
Age at first intercourse, mean ± SD 18.1 (2.9) 17.3 (1.9) 17.9 (2.8) 16.3 (1.5) 0.004 17.9 (2.5) 17.2 (2.0) 17.4 (2.4) 17.0 (2.5) 0.012
Number of sexual partners, median (IQR) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–4) 3 (2.8–4.3)   3 (2–4) 3 (2–4) 2 (1–4) 3 (2–5)  
Age at first delivery (years), mean ± SD 21.5 (5.9) 19.6 (4.2) 20.6 (4.7) 19.7 (2.7) 0.013 19.9 (4.5) 19.59 (3.7) 20.2 (4.1) 19.3 (5.0) 0.777
Parity      0.001      0.001
 Nulliparous 47 (4.7%) 3 (3.4%) 1 (3.1%) 0   5 (2.3%) 3 (1.8%) 1 (1.3%) 2 (1.9%)  
 1–4 498 (49.7%) 27 (30.7%) 11 (34.4%) 4 (22.2%)   72 (33.0%) 46 (28.1%) 19 (24.4%) 17 (16.2%)  
  > 4 456 (45.5%) 58 (65.9%) 20 (62.5%) 14 (77.8%)   141 (64.7%) 115 (70.1%) 58 (74.4%) 85 (81.0%)  
Contraception      0.002      0.120
 None 659 (65.8%) 61 (69.3%) 28 (87.5%) 14 (77.8%)   160 (73.4%) 131 (79.9%) 57 (73.1%) 66 (62.9%)  
 Condom 152 (15.2%) 12 (13.6%) 2 (6.3%) 1 (5.6%)   8 (3.7%) 6 (3.7%) 3 (3.9%) 3 (2.9%)  
 Other 190 (19.0%) 15 (17.1%) 2 (6.3%) 3 (16.7%)   50 (22.9%) 26 (15.9%) 18 (23.1%) 34 (32.4%)  
Previous cervical cancer screening      0.092      0.017
 None 746 (74.5%) 74 (84.1%) 29 (90.6%) 17 (94.4%)   201 (92.2%) 162 (98.8%) 76 (97.4%) 102 (97.1%)  
 Yes 255 (25.5%) 14 (15.9%) 3 (9.4%) 1 (5.6%)   17 (7.8%) 2 (1.2%) 2 (2.6%) 2 (1.9%)  
HIV status (self-reported)      0.004      0.596
 Negative 949 (94.7%) 82 (93.2%) 26 (81.3%) 17 (94.4%)   213 (97.7%) 159 (97.0%) 75 (96.2%) 100 (95.2%)  
 Positive 39 (3.9%) 5 (5.7%) 3 (9.4%) 0   3 (1.4%) 3 (1.8%) 2 (2.6%) 1 (1.0%)  
HPV testing results      0.091      0.741
 Negative 817 (81.54%) 76 (86.36%) 27 (84.38%) 12 (66.67%)   180 (82.57%) 135 (82.32%) 64 (82.05%) 87 (82.86%)  
 Positive 185 (18.46%) 12 (13.64%) 5 (15.63%) 6 (33.33%)   38 (17.43%) 29 (17.68%) 14 (17.95%) 18 (17.14%)  
  1. Abbreviations: CHW Community Health Workers, CIC Community Information Channels, SD Standard Deviation, IQR Interquartile range, HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, HPV Human papillomavirus, n Number