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Table 4 Cross-tabulation of themes and sub-themes by intervention and area for change

From: Facilitators and barriers for lifestyle change in people with prediabetes: a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies

   Intervention (structured lifestyle intervention program) No intervention  
Main theme Subthemes Exercise and diet Exercise Diet Exercise and diet Exercise Diet Number of studies
Individuals’ evaluation of the importance of initiating lifestyle change The impact of the awareness and perception of risk when diagnosed with prediabetes [36, 39, 46,47,48, 50] [38] [34] [35, 41, 45, 52] [42, 43] [4] 15
The internal struggle in the process of lifestyle change [36, 39, 46,47,48,49,50] [38, 40] [34, 51] [35, 41, 45, 52] [42, 43] [44] 18
The importance of internal motivation and positive health feedback [36, 46, 47, 49, 53] [38] [34, 51] [41] [42, 43] [44] 12
Strategies and coping mechanisms for maintaining lifestyle changes The motivation in making plans and setting goals [36, 37, 39, 46, 47, 49, 50, 53] [38] [34, 51] [35, 41] [43] [44] 15
Knowledge and skills in mastering lifestyle change maintenance [36, 46, 47, 49, 50] [38, 40] [34, 51] [35, 41, 45, 52] [43] [44] 15
The significance of supportive relations and environments in initiating and maintaining lifestyle change Family as allies for change and the importance of support from health care providers and peers [36, 46,47,48,49,50, 53] 38, 40] [34, 51] [35, 41, 45] [42, 43] [44] 17
The motivation of external monitoring in maintaining lifestyle change [36, 37, 39, 46, 47, 49, 50, 53] [40] [34, 51] [35, 41]   [44] 14
Health promoting options and facilitating surroundings for lifestyle change [36, 39, 47,48,49,50, 53, 37] [40] [34] [35, 41] [43] [44] 14