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Table 5 Survey-weighted multivariable logistic regression analysis to determine factors associated with attitude towards people living with HIV over years using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 2007, 2011, and 2016–2017 among women 15–49 years in Nigeria

From: Trends of HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes among Nigerian women between 2007 and 2017 using Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data

Variable 2007 2010 2017
uOR
(95% CI)
aOR
(95% CI)
uOR
(95% CI)
aOR
(95% CI)
uOR
(95% CI)
aOR
(95% CI)
Age group
 15–19 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 20–24 1.18 (1.04;1.34)** 1.23 (1.08;1.40)** 1.04 (0.93;1.16) 1.19 (1.05;1.35)** 1.12 (1.00;1.27) 1.06 (0.93;1.21)
 25–29 1.04 (0.92;1.18) 1.21 (1.05;1.40)** 1.02 (0.91;1.14) 1.26 (1.09;1.46)** 1.04 (0.93;1.17) 0.97 (0.83;1.13)
 30–34 1.01 (0.88;1.16) 1.21 (1.03;1.42)* 0.97 (0.84;1.12) 1.31 (1.11;1.55)** 0.96 (0.86;1.07) 1.02 (0.87;1.20)
 35–39 1.01 (0.88;1.16) 1.32 (1.11;1.56)** 0.89 (0.78;1.01) 1.22 (1.03;1.44)* 0.96 (0.84;1.10) 1.08 (0.90;1.29)
 40–44 0.82 (0.71;0.96)* 1.09 (0.91;1.31) 0.83 (0.73;0.95)** 1.27 (1.07;1.50)** 0.96 (0.85;1.09) 1.18 (0.99;1.40)
 45–49 0.75 (0.63;0.89)*** 1.10 (0.90;1.33) 0.86 (0.73;1.00) 1.33 (1.12;1.59)** 0.96 (0.82;1.12) 1.24 (1.02;1.51)*
Marital status
 Currently married Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Formerly married 0.85 (0.71;1.02) 1.14 (0.95;1.36) 1.12 (0.94;1.34) 1.26 (1.03;1.55)* 1.24 (1.06;1.45)** 1.29 (1.06;1.58)*
 Never married 1.18 (1.06;1.32)** 1.35 (1.18;1.56)*** 1.40 (1.27;1.53)*** 1.64 (1.42;1.90)*** 1.20 (1.11;1.31)*** 1.62 (1.42;1.85)***
Educational level
 None Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Non-formal 0.75 (0.64;0.86)*** 1.24 (1.05;1.46)** 0.90 (0.78;1.03) 1.07 (0.92;1.24)
 Primary 1.19 (1.03;1.36)* 1.81 (1.54;2.12)*** 0.98 (0.86;1.11) 1.21 (1.05;1.39)* 1.01 (0.88;1.16) 1.25 (1.06;1.46)**
 Secondary and above 0.97 (0.69;1.38) 0.80 (0.55;1.17) 1.51 (1.35;1.70)*** 1.50 (1.29;1.74)*** 1.83 (1.55;2.16)*** 2.19 (1.80;2.67)***
 Higher 1.01 (0.86;1.19) 0.94 (0.78;1.13)
Wealth Index
 Poorest Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Second 0.91 (0.76;1.09) 0.94 (0.78;1.14) 1.02 (0.90;1.17) 1.02 (0.89;1.19) 1.07 (0.91;1.26) 1.05 (0.89;1.24)
 Middle 0.88 (0.71;1.08) 0.95 (0.75;1.19) 1.26 (1.07;1.49)** 1.27 (1.06;1.53)** 1.06 (0.89;1.25) 0.96 (0.79;1.16)
 Fourth 0.83 (0.69;1.01) 1.01 (0.80;1.27) 1.30 (1.10;1.53)** 1.39 (1.14;1.70)** 1.17 (0.98;1.39) 1.04 (0.82;1.33)
 Richest 1.26 (1.03;1.54)* 1.49 (1.16;1.92)** 1.96 (1.67;2.31)*** 1.95 (1.59;2.39)*** 1.26 (1.06;1.49)** 1.22 (0.96;1.54)
Area
 Rural Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Urban 1.20 (1.04;1.37)* 1.00 (0.84;1.18) 1.44 (1.25;1.66)*** 1.38 (1.18;1.62)*** 1.13 (1.01;1.26)* 1.14 (0.97;1.34)
Zone
 North Central Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 North East 0.91 (0.71;1.16) 1.24 (0.97;1.59) 0.88 (0.72;1.09) 1.39 (1.13;1.71)** 1.41 (1.18;1.70)*** 1.83 (1.45;2.30)***
 North West 1.51 (1.23;1.85)*** 2.08 (1.70;2.54)*** 1.03 (0.84;1.25) 1.57 (1.29;1.90)*** 1.23 (1.06;1.43)** 1.73 (1.47;2.04)***
 South East 0.84 (0.69;1.02) 0.58 (0.47;0.71)*** 0.81 (0.67;0.97)* 0.67 (0.57;0.80)*** 0.73 (0.62;0.87)*** 0.56 (0.47;0.67)***
 South South 0.66 (0.55;0.79)*** 0.50 (0.41;0.60)*** 0.86 (0.70;1.06) 0.65 (0.53;0.80)*** 0.99 (0.85;1.15) 0.79 (0.67;0.93)**
 South West 0.79 (0.65;0.96)* 0.56 (0.46;0.69)*** 0.58 (0.47;0.71)*** 0.34 (0.28;0.41)*** 0.43 (0.37;0.49)*** 0.30 (0.25;0.35)***
HIV Testing
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.63 (1.43;1.87)*** 1.66 (1.44;1.90)*** 1.80 (1.62;2.00)*** 1.62 (1.45;1.81)*** 1.93 (1.75;2.14)*** 2.21 (1.99;2.46)***
  1. Abbreviations: uOR unadjusted odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, Ref Reference group, HIV human immunodeficiency virus
  2. P-values of the Archer Lemeshow test statistics for design-based regression models for the ‘attitude towards PLHIV’ outcome variable were 0.32 for 2007, 0.09 for 2011 and 0.22 for 2017
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001