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Table 3 Subgroup analysis of the association between energy-adjusted total BCAA intake and odds of general obesity

From: Dietary branched-chain amino acids and odds of obesity among immigrant Filipino women: the Filipino women’s diet and health study (FiLWHEL)

  Tertile distribution of energy-adjusted total BCAA intakea  
T1 T2 T3 P for trend P for Interaction
Age
  < 35years cases/total 21/74 16/69 13/65   
OR (CI) 1.00 0.94 (0.42, 2.09) 0.66 (0.29, 1.51) 0.33 0.87
  ≥ 35years cases/total 27/67 26/72 25/76   
OR (CI) 1.00 0.73 (0.35, 1.51) 0.57 (0.27, 1.19) 0.13  
Ever smoked
 No cases/total 44/129 36/132 30/126   
OR (CI) 1.00 0.68 (0.39, 1.20) 0.55 (0.31, 0.98) 0.04 0.19
 Yes cases/total 4/12 6/9 8/115   
OR (CI) 1.00 2.32 (0.14, 38.57) 3.36 (0.24, 46.97) 0.37  
Current alcohol use
 No cases/total 21/57 12/58 17/61   
OR (CI) 1.00 0.35 (0.13, 0.89) 0.61 (0.26, 1.42) 0.31 0.95
 Yes cases/total 27/84 30/83 21/80   
OR (CI) 1.00 1.19 (0.61, 2.53) 0.57 (0.27, 1.19) 0.14  
History of diabetes
 No cases/total 47/139 41/139 35/135   
OR (CI) 1.00 0.80 (0.47, 1.36) 0.61 (0.36, 1.06) 0.08 N/Ac 
 Yes cases/total 1/2 1/2 3/6   
OR (CI)b   
History of hypertension
 No cases/total 42/130 40/132 33/132   
OR (CI) 1.00 0.90 (0.52, 1.57) 0.62 (0.35, 1.10) 0.10 N/Ac 
 Yes cases/total 6/11 2/9 5/9   
OR (CI)b   
  1. BCAA: Branched-chain amino acids were adjusted for energy intake using the residual method;
  2. aModel was adjusted for age (in years, continuous), year of stay (≤4years, 5-9years, ≥10years), education (elementary and high school, college education and above), employment (no, yes), ever smoked (no, yes), current alcohol use (no, yes), energy intake (in kcal/d, continuous), history of diabetes (no, yes) and hypertension (no, yes);
  3. bInsufficient sample
  4. cNot available