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Table 1 Characteristics of participants by tertile distribution of total BCAA intake in the FiLWHEL study

From: Dietary branched-chain amino acids and odds of obesity among immigrant Filipino women: the Filipino women’s diet and health study (FiLWHEL)

Characteristics Tertile distribution of energy-adjusted total BCAA intake
T1 T2 T3
N 141 141 141
Age (years) 34.4 ± 8.1 35.7 ± 8.3 35.6 ± 7.4
 < 35 74 (52.5) 69 (48.9) 65 (46.1)
 ≥35 67 (47.5) 72 (51.1) 76 (53.9)
Length of stay (years) 7.8 ± 5.1 7.5 ± 4.6 7.7 ± 4.9
 ≤4 years 44 (31.2) 41 (29.1) 39 (27.7)
 5 – 9 years 49 (34.8) 59 (41.8) 62 (44.0)
 ≥10 years 48 (34.0) 41 (29.1) 40 (28.3)
Education
 Elementary to high school 44 (31.2) 42 (29.8) 44 (31.2)
 College education and above 97 (68.8) 99 (70.2) 97 (68.8)
Employment status (Yes) 71 (50.4) 76 (53.9) 84 (59.6)
Ever smoked (Yes) 12 (8.5) 9 (6.4) 15 (10.6)
Current alcohol use (Yes) 84 (59.6) 83 (58.9) 80 (56.7)
Vigorous physical activity (Yes) 31 (22.0) 22 (15.6) 26 (18.4)
History of diabetesa (Yes) 2 (1.4) 2 (1.4) 6 (4.3)
History of hypertensiona (Yes) 11 (7.8) 9 (6.4) 9 (6.4)
BMI (kg/m2) 23.7 ± 3.8 23.4 ± 3.6 23.7 ± 4.3
 ≥ 25 kg/m2 48 (34.0) 42 (29.8) 38 (26.9)
WC (cm) 79.4 ± 8.8 78.9 ± 8.8 79.7 ± 10.4
 ≥ 80 cm 60 (42.6) 63 (44.7) 55 (39.0)
Total energy intakeb (kcal/d) 1699.2 (1273.0, 2385.7) 1502.0 (1158.7, 1905.4) 1753.9 (1366.6, 2227.2)
Total protein intakeb (g/d) 60.2 (37.1, 78.6) 59.0 (44.8, 77.9) 77.9 (62.1, 98.5)
Total BCAA intakeb(g/d) 4.8 (3.5, 5.8) 7.9 (7.2, 8.7) 11.4 (10.3, 13.6)
  1. BCAA – branched-chain amino acids adjusted for energy intake using the residual method
  2. Mean ± SD for continuous variables and n(%) for categorical variables
  3. aSelf-reported clinical diagnosis and/or current use of medication
  4. bMedian and interquartile range