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Table 2 Product categories (EuPCS) involved in patients’ inadvertent exposures: observed and expected values in the lockdown period (March–May 2020)

From: Significant variations of dangerous exposures during COVID-19 pandemic in Italy: a possible association with the containment measures implemented to reduce the virus transmission

Variables March–May 2020
(Lockdown period)
Increase (%) p-value (χ2)
Observed
N.
Expected
N.
Adhesives and sealants (PC-ADH) 26 27.5 −5.5 .557
Air care products (PC-AIR) 35 36.4 −3.8 .698
Products for animals (PC-ANI) 2 1.5 + 33.3 *1.000
Art materials (PC-ART) 44 39.7 + 10.8 .244
Cleaning, care and maintenance products (excludes biocidal products) (PC-CLN) 840 848.3 −1.0 .582
Bleaching products for cleaning or laundry use (PC-CLN-3) 322 308.8 + 4.3 .132
Drain cleaning products (PC-CLN-5) 59 68.5 −13.9 .035
Colourants (PC-COL) 1 1.4 −28.6 *1.000
Construction products (PC-CON) 10 8.5 + 17.6 *.465
Detergents and auxiliaries for laundry and dishwashing (excludes biocidal products) (PC-DET) 278 281.1 −1.1 .720
Laundry detergents (PC-DET-1) 66 76.7 −14.0 .024
- LLDC 35 46.1 −24.1 .002
Dishwashing detergents (PC-DET-3) 127 119.1 +6.6 .138
E-liquids and mixtures for electronic cigarettes (PC-ELQ) 13 14.0 −7.1 .632
Fertilisers and fertilising products (PC-FER) 45 46.4 −3.0 .653
Fuels (and fuel additives) (PC-FUE) 70 78.6 −10.9 .081
Inks, toners and related printing materials (PC-INK) 12 16.8 −28.6 .031
Paints and coatings (and related auxiliaries) (PC-PNT) 36 37.4 −3.7 .683
Pyrotechnic products (PC-PYR)
Products for chemical or technical processes (PC-TEC) 121 124.2 −2.6 .618
Biocidal products (PP-BIO) 382 364.3 + 4.9 .032
-Disinfectants (PP-BIO-1 to PP-BIO-5) 265 246.0 + 7.7 .007
Biocidal products for human hygiene (PP-BIO-1) 79 72.6 + 8.8 .108
Disinfectants and algaecides not intended for direct application to humans or animals (PP-BIO-2) 182 170.4 +6.8 .039
Plant protection products (excludes biocidal products) (PP-PRD) 76 80.7 −5.8 .161
Cosmetics 289 276.5 + 4.5 .145
Handwashing soaps (excludes biocidal products) 23 18.4 + 25.0 .016
Handwashing gel products (excludes biocidal products) 52 47.4 + 9.7 .028
  1. *Fisher Exact Test