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Table 3 Sex-specific and age group-specific associations between social environment characteristics and suicide rate

From: Suicide rate and social environment characteristics in South Korea: the roles of socioeconomic, demographic, urbanicity, general health behaviors, and other environmental factors on suicide rate

  Male Female Aged 10 ~ 39y Aged 40 ~ 59y Aged 60 + y
% of population aged 65 and older eligible for the basic pension 0.16 (0.09, 0.24)* 0.03 (-0.02, 0.07) 0.02 (-0.03, 0.08) 0.06 (-0.02, 0.14) 0.35 (0.23, 0.46)*
% vacant houses in the area 0.21 (0.06, 0.36)* 0.09 (0.00, 0.18) 0.20 (0.08, 0.32)* 0.23 (0.06, 0.40)* 0.53 (0.27, 0.79)*
% divorce 2.96 (1.57, 4.34)* 1.10 (0.24, 1.96)* 1.47 (0.35, 2.59)* 4.49 (2.88, 6.09)* 4.23 (1.85, 6.61)*
% single elderly households 0.11 (0.00, 0.22) -0.01 (-0.09, 0.06) 0.14 (0.04, 0.23)* 0.07 (-0.06, 0.20) -0.25 (-0.46, -0.05)*
% detached houses 0.05 (0.02, 0.08)* 0.02 (0.00, 0.04)* 0.04 (0.01, 0.06)* 0.11 (0.08, 0.15)* -0.05 (-0.11, 0.00)*
% of people who regularly participated in religious activities -0.17 (-0.27, -0.08)* 0.00 (-0.06, 0.05) -0.02 (-0.09, 0.05) -0.22 (-0.33, -0.12)* -0.46 (-0.61, -0.30)*
Number of sports facilities per 1,000 persons -3.93 (-9.28, 1.42) -2.46 (-6.02, 1.10) -6.67 (-11.34, -2.01)* -1.52 (-7.97, 4.92) 16.13 (6.33, 25.92)*
Park area per person (km2) 0.00 (-0.02, 0.01) -0.01 (-0.03, 0.00)* -0.02 (-0.03, 0.00)* 0.00 (-0.02, 0.02) 0.04 (0.01, 0.07)*
% current smokers 0.33 (0.15, 0.51)* 0.02 (-0.10, 0.14) 0.20 (0.04, 0.36)* 0.29 (0.07, 0.51)* 0.37 (0.03, 0.71)*
% of people exhibiting high-risk drinking -0.11 (-0.23, 0.02) 0.02 (-0.06, 0.11) -0.04 (-0.15, 0.07) -0.08 (-0.23, 0.07) -0.04 (-0.27, 0.20)
% of population with recognized stress 0.03 (-0.08, 0.13) -0.01 (-0.08, 0.06) 0.03 (-0.07, 0.12) 0.01 (-0.12, 0.14) 0.12 (-0.08, 0.31)
% of population with obesity 0.11 (-0.04, 0.26) 0.11 (0.01, 0.21)* -0.01 (-0.14, 0.13) 0.10 (-0.08, 0.28) 0.43 (0.15, 0.70)*
  1. Note) Numbers: Changes in suicide rate per 100,000 persons (95% credible interval)
  2. *p < 0.05