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Table 3 Association between socioeconomic status and blood pressure control in reported exhibiting hypertensive patientsa

From: Association of socioeconomic status with hypertension prevalence and control in Nanjing: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Overall (N = 9485) Male(N = 5108) Female (N = 4377)
individuals with hypertension control(n/%) OR(95%CI) Adjusted OR(95%CI)c individuals with hypertension control(n/%) OR(95%CI) Adjusted OR(95%CI)d individuals with hypertension control(n/%) OR(95%CI) Adjusted OR(95%CI)ǂ
Education, n (%)
 College 1205 (66.9) Ref Ref 849 (65.0) Ref Ref 356 (72.1) Ref Ref
 Junior/Senior 3690 (62.0) 0.78 (0.69,0.87) 0.76 (0.67,0.86) 1885 (58.9) 0.74 (0.65,0.86) 0.76 (0.66,0.88) 1805 (65.7) 0.73 (0.59,0.91) 0.80 (0.64,0.99)
 Primary 902 (52.0) 0.53 (0.46,0.61) 0.51 (0.44,0.59) 298 (49.7) 0.52 (0.43,0.64) 0.54 (0.43,0.66) 604 (53.2) 0.45 (0.35,0.57) 0.51 (0.39,0.65)
Occupation, n (%)
 Unemployed and retired people 3488 (60.9) Ref Ref 1512 (58.7) Ref Ref 1976 (62.7) Ref Ref
 Mental laborers/Students 1089 (67.6) 1.35 (1.19,1.52) 1.30 (1.13,1.48) 758 (65.2) 1.32 (1.14,1.53) 1.24 (1.04,1.48) 331 (74.0) 1.68 (1.34,2.11) 1.45 (1.14,1.85)
 Service staff 289 (62.0) 1.05 (0.87,1.28) 0.99 (0.81,1.22) 158 (57.9) 1.00 (0.77,1.29) 0.94 (0.72,1.24) 131 (67.9) 1.22 (0.89,1.67) 1.07 (0.77,1.48)
 Manual laborers 931 (55.4) 0.78 (0.69,0.87) 0.75 (0.67,0.85) 604 (55.2) 0.84 (0.72,0.97) 0.79 (0.68,0.94) 327 (55.7) 0.74 (0.61,0.88) 0.68 (0.56,0.82)
Annual household income,tertiles range(¥)b
 Higher (≥ 108,000) 449 (59.2) Ref Ref 259 (58.2) Ref Ref 190 (60.5) Ref Ref
 Middle (≤ 60,000 < 108,000) 931 (58.3) 0.96 (0.80,1.16) 0.99 (0.82,1.20) 434 (57.6) 0.97 (0.76,1.24) 0.98 (0.77,1.26) 397 (59.2) 0.95 (0.71,1.26) 1.02 (0.76,1.37)
 Lower (< 60,000) 471 (50.2) 0.72 (0.59,0.88) 0.73 (0.59,0.90) 205 (46.4) 0.63 (0.48,0.82) 0.63 (0.48,0.84) 266 (53.6) 0.79 (0.59,1.07) 0.82 (0.59,1.12)
  1. aThe controlled hypertension was defined by systolic BP < 140 mmHg and diastolic BP < 90 mmHg among the subjects that self-reported exhibiting hypertensive and taking antihypertensive medications
  2. bAnnual household income was collected from 3122 subjects providing verified information about their family's income(male1641,female 1481)
  3. cMixed model analysis with adjusted for age, gender, marriage, smoking, alcohol drinking, family history, salt intake, physical activity, BMI and dyslipidemia
  4. dMixed model analysis with adjusted for age, marriage, smoking, alcohol drinking, family history, salt intake, physical activity, BMI and dyslipidemia