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Table 2 Association between socioeconomic status and the prevalence of hypertension among adults in Nanjing

From: Association of socioeconomic status with hypertension prevalence and control in Nanjing: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics

Overall (N = 60,283)

Male(N = 29,848)

Female (N = 30,435)

individuals with hypertension (n/%)

OR(95%CI)

Adjusted OR(95%CI)b

individuals with hypertension (n/%)

OR(95%CI)

Adjusted OR(95%CI)c

individuals with hypertension (n/%)

OR(95%CI)

Adjusted OR(95%CI)ǂ

Education, n (%)

 College

3491 (12.6)

Ref

Ref

2487 (17.0)

Ref

Ref

1004 (7.6)

Ref

Ref

 Junior/Senior

9486 (35.1)

3.94 (3.77,4.12)

1.41 (1.33,1.49)

5161 (38.4)

3.15 (2.98,3.33)

1.28 (1.19,1.38)

4325 (31.8)

6.04 (5.60,6.51)

1.62 (1.48,1.78)

 Primary

2709 (49.6)

7.19 (6.74,7.67)

1.56 (1.43,1.70)

931 (52.1)

5.55 (5.01,6.16)

1.40 (1.23,1.59)

1778 (48.4)

12.17 (11.08,13.36)

1.75 (1.55,1.97)

Occupation, n (%)

 Unemployed and retired people

8172 (49.5)

Ref

Ref

3493 (59.8)

Ref

Ref

4679 (43.8)

Ref

Ref

 Mental laborers/Students

3129 (13.5)

0.14 (0.15,0.16)

0.70 (0.65,0.75)

2275 (17.7)

0.14 (0.13,0.15)

0.74 (0.67,0.81)

854 (8.2)

0.11 (0.10,0.12)

0.64 (0.58,0.71)

 Service staff

1113 (15.5)

0.19 (0.17,0.20)

0.76 (0.70,0.83)

639 (18.3)

0.15 (0.14,0.17)

0.73 (0.64,0.83)

474 (12.8)

0.18 (0.17,0.21)

0.83 (0.73,0.94)

 Manual laborers

3272 (24.5)

0.33 (0.31,0.35)

0.88 (0.83,0.94)

2172 (28.3)

0.26 (0.25,0.28)

0.89 (0.81,0.98)

1100 (19.4)

0.31 (0.28,0.33)

0.88 (0.81,0.97)

Annual household income,tertiles range(¥)a

 Higher (≥ 108,000)

1242 (27.1)

Ref

Ref

731 (33.0)

Ref

Ref

511 (21.5)

Ref

Ref

 Middle (≤ 60,000 < 108,000)

2139 (39.5)

1.81 (1.65,1.97)

1.10 (0.98,1.22)

1129 (44.1)

1.65 (1.46,1.87)

1.02 (0.88,1.19)

1010 (35.4)

2.03 (1.79,2.31)

1.16 (0.99,1.36)

 Lower (< 60,000)

1508 (44.9)

2.23 (2.02,2.46)

1.35 (1.19,1.52)

715 (50.0)

2.05 (1.78,2.36)

1.41 (1.18,1.68)

793 (41.1)

2.58 (2.25,2.97)

1.29 (1.08,1.53)

  1. aAnnual household income was collected from 13,355 subjects providing verified information about their family's income(male 6202,female 7153)
  2. bMixed model analysis with adjusted for age, gender, marriage, smoking, alcohol drinking, family history, salt intake, physical activity, BMI and dyslipidemia
  3. cMixed model analysis with adjusted for age, marriage, smoking, alcohol drinking, family history, salt intake, physical activity, BMI and dyslipidemia