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Table 2 DDS based on the socio-demographic characteristics of older participants in the NHES-V, Thailand (n 7,300)

From: Socio-demographic characteristics associated with the dietary diversity of Thai community-dwelling older people: results from the national health examination survey

Characteristics Mean (SD) 95% CI P-value*
Sex
  Male 18.4 (3.8) 18.3, 18.6 0.007
  Female 18.3 (4.0) 18.1, 18.4  
Age (year)
  60-74 18.5 (4.0) 18.3, 18.6 <0.001
  75-84 18.0 (3.9) 17.9, 18.2  
  ≥ 85 17.9 (3.6) 17.5, 18.2  
Highest educational level
  No formal education 17.3 (4.4) 17.1, 17.5 <0.001
  Primary education 18.3 (3.8) 18.2, 18.5  
  Secondary education or higher 19.3 (4.4) 19.1, 19.5  
Wealth index
  Poorest 17.7 (3.7) 17.5, 18.0 < 0.001
  Poor 18.8 (3.8) 18.6, 18.9  
  Average 18.2 (3.9) 18.0, 18.4  
  Rich 18.5 (3.8) 18.4, 18.7  
  Richest 19.0 (4.3) 18.9, 19.2  
Living condition
  Living alone 17.9 (4.0) 17.6, 18.1 <0.001
  Living with others 18.4 (3.9) 18.3, 18.5  
Residential area
  Urban 18.7 (4.4) 18.6, 18.8 <0.001
  Rural 18.1 (3.5) 18.0, 18.3  
  1. SD standard deviation, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, DDS dietary diversity score, NHES-V the fifth Thai National Health Examination Survey
  2. *P-values obtained from Student’s t test or one-way ANOVA and adjusted for complex survey design by Svy commands