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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics by gender

From: Association between physical activity and falls among older adults in rural China: are there gender and age related differences?

Characteristics

N (%)

Male, n (%)

Female, n (%)

p-valve

Total

3,242(100.00)

1,181(36.43)

2,061(63.57)

 

Age (years), Mean (SD)

70.14(6.17)

70.58(6.25)

69.89(6.11)

0.002

 < 75

2,499(77.08)

883(74.77)

1,616(78.41)

0.018

 ≥ 75

743(22.92)

298(25.23)

445(21.59)

 

Education

   

 < 0.001

 Illiteracy

1,353(41.73)

266(22.52)

1,087(52.74)

 

 Primary school

1,257(38.77)

539(45.64)

718(34.84)

 

 Junior high school and above

632(19.50)

376(31.84)

256(12.42)

 

Household incomea

   

 < 0.001

 Quartile 1

816(25.17)

253(21.42)

563(27.32)

 

 Quartile 2

803(24.77)

337(28.54)

466(22.61)

 

 Quartile 3

809(24.95)

307(25.99)

502(24.36)

 

 Quartile 4

814(25.11)

284(24.05)

530(25.72)

 

Alcohol consumption

   

 < 0.001

 No

2,320(71.56)

438(37.09)

1,882(91.31)

 

 Yes

922(28.44)

743(62.91)

179(8.69)

 

BMI (kg/m2), Mean (SD)

24.31(3.92)

24.24(3.79)

24.35(3.99)

0.443

Living alone

   

0.020

 No

2,624(80.94)

981(83.07)

1,643(79.72)

 

 Yes

618(19.06)

200(16.93)

418(20.28)

 

Number of chronic disease

   

 < 0.001

 0

896(27.64)

362(30.65)

534(25.91)

 

 1

1,205(37.17)

457(38.70)

748(36.29)

 

  ≥ 2

1,141(36.19)

362(30.65)

779(37.80)

 

ADL (scores), Mean (SD)

16.99(4.37)

16.41(4.55)

17.33(4.22)

 < 0.001

PD (scores), Mean (SD)

16.60(7.46)

15.17(6.79)

17.42(7.70)

 < 0.001

MMSE (scores), Mean (SD)

22.91(5.11)

24.45(4.48)

22.03(5.24)

 < 0.001

PAb, Mean (SD)

3,122.52(3157.60)

3220.17(3185.25)

2473.45(2887.96)

 < 0.001

 Low level

997(30.75)

336(28.45)

661(32.07)

 < 0.001

 Moderate level

905(27.91)

292(24.72)

613(29.74)

 

 Elevated level

679(20.94)

240(20.32)

439(21.30)

 

 High level

661(20.39)

313(26.50)

348(16.89)

 

MVPAc, Mean (SD)

1691.50(4258.07)

1775.75(4370.81)

1131.60(3366.55)

0.004

 Low level

2,310(71.25)

764(64.69)

1,546(75.01)

 < 0.001

 Moderate level

66(2.04)

21(1.78)

45(2.18)

 

 Elevated level

236(7.28)

84(7.11)

152(7.38)

 

 High level

630(19.43)

312(26.42)

318(15.43)

 

Falls

   

 < 0.001

 No

2,818(86.92)

1,064(90.09)

1,754(85.10)

 

 Yes

424(13.08)

117(9.91)

307(14.90)

 
  1. SD Standard deviation, BMI Body mass index, ADL Activities of Daily Living, PD Psychological Distress, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, PA Physical activity, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  2. aQuartile 1: ≤ 882 $; quartile 2: > 882 $ & ≤ 1,730 $; quartile 3: > 1,730 $ & ≤ 4,217 $; quartile 4: > 4,217 $. Average exchange rate in 2018: 1 ¥ = 6.612 $
  3. bLow level: < 694 MET; moderate level: 694–2,772 MET; elevated level: 2,773–4,158 MET; high level: > 4,158 MET
  4. cLow level: 0 MET; moderate level: 1–599 MET; elevated level: 600–2,399 MET; high level: ≥ 2,400 MET