Skip to main content

Table 1 Participants’ characteristics by gender

From: Association between physical activity and falls among older adults in rural China: are there gender and age related differences?

Characteristics N (%) Male, n (%) Female, n (%) p-valve
Total 3,242(100.00) 1,181(36.43) 2,061(63.57)  
Age (years), Mean (SD) 70.14(6.17) 70.58(6.25) 69.89(6.11) 0.002
 < 75 2,499(77.08) 883(74.77) 1,616(78.41) 0.018
 ≥ 75 743(22.92) 298(25.23) 445(21.59)  
Education      < 0.001
 Illiteracy 1,353(41.73) 266(22.52) 1,087(52.74)  
 Primary school 1,257(38.77) 539(45.64) 718(34.84)  
 Junior high school and above 632(19.50) 376(31.84) 256(12.42)  
Household incomea      < 0.001
 Quartile 1 816(25.17) 253(21.42) 563(27.32)  
 Quartile 2 803(24.77) 337(28.54) 466(22.61)  
 Quartile 3 809(24.95) 307(25.99) 502(24.36)  
 Quartile 4 814(25.11) 284(24.05) 530(25.72)  
Alcohol consumption      < 0.001
 No 2,320(71.56) 438(37.09) 1,882(91.31)  
 Yes 922(28.44) 743(62.91) 179(8.69)  
BMI (kg/m2), Mean (SD) 24.31(3.92) 24.24(3.79) 24.35(3.99) 0.443
Living alone     0.020
 No 2,624(80.94) 981(83.07) 1,643(79.72)  
 Yes 618(19.06) 200(16.93) 418(20.28)  
Number of chronic disease      < 0.001
 0 896(27.64) 362(30.65) 534(25.91)  
 1 1,205(37.17) 457(38.70) 748(36.29)  
  ≥ 2 1,141(36.19) 362(30.65) 779(37.80)  
ADL (scores), Mean (SD) 16.99(4.37) 16.41(4.55) 17.33(4.22)  < 0.001
PD (scores), Mean (SD) 16.60(7.46) 15.17(6.79) 17.42(7.70)  < 0.001
MMSE (scores), Mean (SD) 22.91(5.11) 24.45(4.48) 22.03(5.24)  < 0.001
PAb, Mean (SD) 3,122.52(3157.60) 3220.17(3185.25) 2473.45(2887.96)  < 0.001
 Low level 997(30.75) 336(28.45) 661(32.07)  < 0.001
 Moderate level 905(27.91) 292(24.72) 613(29.74)  
 Elevated level 679(20.94) 240(20.32) 439(21.30)  
 High level 661(20.39) 313(26.50) 348(16.89)  
MVPAc, Mean (SD) 1691.50(4258.07) 1775.75(4370.81) 1131.60(3366.55) 0.004
 Low level 2,310(71.25) 764(64.69) 1,546(75.01)  < 0.001
 Moderate level 66(2.04) 21(1.78) 45(2.18)  
 Elevated level 236(7.28) 84(7.11) 152(7.38)  
 High level 630(19.43) 312(26.42) 318(15.43)  
Falls      < 0.001
 No 2,818(86.92) 1,064(90.09) 1,754(85.10)  
 Yes 424(13.08) 117(9.91) 307(14.90)  
  1. SD Standard deviation, BMI Body mass index, ADL Activities of Daily Living, PD Psychological Distress, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, PA Physical activity, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  2. aQuartile 1: ≤ 882 $; quartile 2: > 882 $ & ≤ 1,730 $; quartile 3: > 1,730 $ & ≤ 4,217 $; quartile 4: > 4,217 $. Average exchange rate in 2018: 1 ¥ = 6.612 $
  3. bLow level: < 694 MET; moderate level: 694–2,772 MET; elevated level: 2,773–4,158 MET; high level: > 4,158 MET
  4. cLow level: 0 MET; moderate level: 1–599 MET; elevated level: 600–2,399 MET; high level: ≥ 2,400 MET