Skip to main content

Table 1 Variables and descriptive statistics

From: Food insecurity, home ownership and income-related equity in dental care use and access: the case of Canada

Variables Sample sizea Weighted %b
Dependent variables:
Dental or orthodontal care in the last 12 months YES 33,712 66%
NO 17,367 34%
Unmet access to dental visits (last time visited dentist replied 3 years or more) (Ontario)c YES 2318 14%
NO 14,236 86%
A) Need variables
  Self- assessed health status POOR OR VERY POOR 5619 11%
FAIR, GOOD OR VERY GOOD 45,460 89%
  Self- assessed mental health status POOR OR VERY POOR 3070 6%
FAIR, GOOD OR VERY GOOD 48,102 94%
  Self-assessed dental health status (Ontario)c POOR 329 2%
FAIR, GOOD OR VERY GOOD 16,225 98%
  Age 18–25 7151 14%
26–35 8683 17%
36–45 9194 18%
46–55 9194 18%
56–65 8683 17%
65+ 8173 16%
  Sex MALE 25,029 49%
NON MALE 26,050 51%
  Chronic conditions:
   Diabetes YES 3576 7%
NO 47,503 93%
B) Non-need variables
  Lifestyles:
   Obese YES 10,216 20%
NO 40,863 80%
   Daily smoker YES 7151 14%
NO 43,928 86%
   Regular drinker YES 32,691 64%
NO 18,388 36%
   Brush teeth at least 2 times a day (Ontario)c YES 12,747 77%
NO 3807 23%
  Other socioeconomic:
   Migrant status IMMIGRANT 13,281 26%
NOT IMMIGRANT 37,798 74%
   Cultural racial background: NON-WHITE 10,216 20%
WHITE 40,863 80%
   Aboriginal identity YES 1532 3%
NO 49,547 97%
  Level of education: LESS THAN SECONDARY 6129 12%
SECONDARY 10,216 20%
SOME POST SECONDARY 3065 6%
POST-SECONDARY CERTIFIED 31,669 62%
  Occupational status: EMPLOYED 28,604 56%
SELF-EMPLOYED 5619 11%
OTHER (RETIRED, UNEMPLOYED, ETC.) 16,856 33%
  Housing tenure status: rented house YES 13,791 27%
NO 37,288 73%
  Marital status: WIDOW/SEPARATED/ DIVORCED 6640 13%
SINGLE 12,259 24%
MARRIED 26,050 51%
COMMON LAW 6129 12%
  Household food insecurity: NO FOOD INSECURITY 48,014 94%
MODERATE 2043 4%
HIGH 1022 2%
  Dental insurance coverage (Ontario)c YES 7780 47%
NO 8774 53%
  Geographic factors: RURAL 9194 18%
URBAN 41,885 82%
ATLANTIC 3517 7%
QUEBEC 11,956 23%
BRITISH_COL 6719 13%
PRAIRIES 9186 18%
TERRITORIES 151 0%
ONTARIO 19,550 38%
C) Other socioeconomic continuous variables Description Mean St. Dev
  Income HOUSEHOLD TOTAL INCOME (CAD) 89,139 300,081
  Household size HOUSEHOLD SIZE 2.82 1.43
  Equalized income =INCOME/SQRT (HOUSEHOLD SIZE) 54,857 174,678
  Natural log of equalized income =LN (EQUALIZED INCOME) 10.6 0.95
  1. Data source: CCHS 2013–2014
  2. aWeighted statistics. Total sample size with non-missing observations was 51,079 (see Additional file 1)
  3. bWeighted proportions
  4. cWeighted statistics. Ontario special Dental module sample size with non-missing observations was 16,554