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Table 3 Alcohol consumption status (percentage and corresponding standard error) by socio-demographic characteristics and health factors in women

From: Alcohol consumption and associated factors among middle-aged and older adults: results from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

  Alcohol drinking category
  N lifetime abstainer Former drinkers Occasional drinkers 0~ 6.9dks/wk ≥7.0 dks/wk χ2 P value
Age (years)
  45~49 1836 88.48 (1.61) 7.86 (1.58) 0.68 (0.19) 2.18 (0.36) 0.81 (0.20) 80.62 <0.001
  50~54 1290 86.54 (1.68) 8.22 (1.65) 1.44 (0.43) 2.64 (0.47) 1.16 (0.42)   
  55~59 1746 89.79 (0.93) 3.73 (0.58) 2.25 (0.42) 2.57 (0.40) 1.66 (0.29)   
  60~64 1402 88.31 (1.08) 4.25 (0.64) 2.8 (0.50) 2.42 (0.46) 2.21 (0.42)   
  65~69 864 88.77 (1.24) 4.36 (0.92) 3.08 (0.57) 2.54 (0.58) 1.25 (0.35)   
  70~74 637 90.21 (1.33) 3.76 (0.97) 2.54 (0.64) 2.34 (0.62) 1.14 (0.38)   
  ≥75 783 91.19 (1.17) 2.99 (0.63) 2.66 (0.69) 1.35 (0.46) 1.81 (0.56)   
Rural-urban status
  Rural 6740 88.96 (0.66) 5.07 (0.48) 1.87 (0.21) 2.43 (0.23) 1.68 (0.20) 7.50 0.112
  Urban 1760 88.81 (1.41) 6.24 (1.26) 2.34 (0.50) 1.92 (0.36) 0.69 (0.19)   
Marital status
  Separated/divorced/widowed/
never been married
1403 89.43 (1.02) 3.9 (0.59) 2.93 (0.64) 1.93 (0.39) 1.81 (0.40) 13.02 0.011
  Married 7155 88.75 (0.64) 5.71 (0.55) 1.8 (0.18) 2.4 (0.23) 1.33 (0.16)   
Living alone
  No 6617 88.58 (0.68) 5.8 (0.60) 1.85 (0.19) 2.38 (0.24) 1.38 (0.17) 7.88 0.096
  Yes 1940 89.74 (0.94) 4.14 (0.52) 2.47 (0.50) 2.11 (0.34) 1.53 (0.33)   
Education
  Illiteracy 3512 89.02 (0.87) 4.58 (0.71) 2.35 (0.30) 2.32 (0.30) 1.74 (0.27) 66.84 <0.001
  Primary or junior high school 2948 89.4 (0.76) 4.9 (0.50) 1.85 (0.29) 2.38 (0.31) 1.46 (0.24)   
  Senior high school 776 92.48 (0.85) 3.87 (0.75) 1.23 (0.37) 1.65 (0.36) 0.77 (0.20)   
  Graduate 8547 81.35 (2.41) 11.9 (2.56) 2.5 (0.69) 3.11 (0.68) 1.14 (0.39)   
Smoking
  No 7868 89.53 (0.60) 5.43 (0.50) 1.86 (0.21) 2.12 (0.20) 1.06 (0.14) 109.68 <0.001
  Yes 689 80.78 (1.71) 4.67 (0.91) 3.99 (0.82) 4.67 (0.90) 5.89 (1.02)   
Self- Comment of Your Health
  Excellent 227 87.6 (2.50) 4.98 (1.37) 3.07 (1.75) 2.15 (0.95) 2.21 (0.88) 37.47 0.002
  Very good 930 88.89 (1.18) 5.69 (0.87) 1.34 (0.38) 2.13 (0.44) 1.96 (0.43)   
  Good 2576 86.73 (1.41) 7.36 (1.37) 1.76 (0.36) 2.67 (0.33) 1.48 (0.28)   
  Fair 3212 89.83 (0.76) 4.8 (0.52) 1.98 (0.29) 2.33 (0.34) 1.06 (0.22)   
  Poor 1609 90.65 (0.93) 3.14 (0.52) 2.8 (0.46) 1.83 (0.35) 1.58 (0.36)   
Region
  Central 1311 89.65 (1.00) 4.35 (0.75) 2.62 (0.51) 2.45 (0.59) 0.94 (0.33) 64.53 <0.001
  East 2593 86.27 (1.35) 6.18 (1.14) 2.7 (0.44) 2.68 (0.37) 2.16 (0.34)   
  North-central 1190 91.83 (1.27) 3.96 (0.68) 1.08 (0.47) 1.77 (0.53) 1.36 (0.43)   
  North-east 653 90.48 (1.55) 4.89 (1.48) 1.09 (0.60) 2.55 (0.65) 0.99 (0.37)   
  North-west 608 92.09 (1.69) 5.79 (1.39) 0.99 (0.41) 0.71 (0.33) 0.42 (0.24)   
  South 780 91.18 (1.69) 6.94 (1.61) 0.98 (0.58) 0.78 (0.29) 0.12 (0.12)   
  South-west 1423 86.66 (1.39) 4.57 (0.78) 2.72 (0.53) 3.82 (0.71) 2.23 (0.52)   
Depression
  No 4303 88.19 (0.89) 6.11 (0.82) 1.93 (0.28) 2.35 (0.28) 1.42 (0.21) 7.84 0.098
  Yes 3261 88.98 (0.73) 4.46 (0.47) 2.42 (0.32) 2.61 (0.32) 1.52 (0.22)   
Working status         
  NO 3447 91.85 (0.59) 3.45 (0.40) 2.29 (0.33) 1.55 (0.27) 0.86 (0.18) 52.90 <0.001
  Yes 5111 86.45 (0.87) 6.95 (0.78) 1.79 (0.21) 2.94 (0.29) 1.88 (0.24)   
Social activities
  No 4097 89.51 (0.98) 4.68 (0.89) 2.19 (0.31) 2.20 (0.26) 1.42 (0.20) 3.88 0.423
  Yes 4461 88.33 (0.69) 5.98 (0.49) 1.86 (0.25) 2.41 (0.26) 1.42 (0.20)   
Sleep time
  <6.0 h 2336 89.63 (0.84) 4.10 (0.56) 2.51 (0.39) 2.39 (0.36) 1.37 (0.26) 9.75 0.283
  6.0~7.9 h 2847 87.81 (0.89) 6.26 (0.79) 2.04 (0.33) 2.44 (0.34) 1.46 (0.24)   
  ≥8.0 h 2894 88.46 (1.14) 5.49 (1.05) 1.72 (0.29) 2.61 (0.33) 1.72 (0.28)   
  1. Drs/wk: drinks/week