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Table 2 Alcohol consumption status (percentage and corresponding standard error) by socio-demographic characteristics and health factors in men

From: Alcohol consumption and associated factors among middle-aged and older adults: results from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

  Alcohol drinking category
  N Lifetime abstainer Former drinkers Occasional drinkers 0~13.9 dks/wk 14.0~27.9 dks/wk ≥28 dks/wk χ2 P value
Age (years)
  45~49 1355 36.45 (2.06) 15.88 (2.03) 8.03 (2.22) 20.67 (1.47) 7.63 (1.49) 11.34 (1.05) 140.74 <0.001
  50~54 1099 38.33 (2.00) 13.86 (2.11) 6.49 (0.82) 20.22 (1.46) 7.24 (0.80) 13.86 (1.31)   
  55~59 1503 37.95 (1.62) 10.77 (1.13) 8.55 (0.88) 21.23 (1.99) 9.27 (1.33) 12.24 (1.07)   
  60~64 1294 38. (1.52) 10.11 (1.03) 13.83 (1.15) 16.35 (1.22) 7.85 (0.96) 13.86 (1.21)   
  65~69 842 40.21 (2.60) 11.9 (3.70) 15.31 (1.53) 14.97 (1.68) 6.64 (0.93) 10.97 (1.21)   
  70~74 647 50.26 (2.46) 7.54 (1.25) 18.11 (1.83) 11.64 (1.79) 5.12 (0.87) 7.33 (1.17)   
  ≥75 644 56.49 (3.10) 8.53 (2.88) 12.36 (1.45) 12.62 (1.79) 5.19 (0.87) 4.81 (0.92)   
Rural-urban status
Rural 5613 40.83 (1.18) 11.6 (0.79) 10.84 (0.76) 16.92 (0.65) 7.53 (0.45) 12.28 (0.64) 7.42 0.191
  Urban 1721 41.29 (2.07) 12.05 (1.36) 11.12 (1.08) 20.09 (1.28) 6.79 (1.77) 8.67 (1.02)   
Marital status          
  Separated/divorced/widowed/
never been married
705 47.52 (2.34) 7.63 (1.28) 11.31 (1.66) 15.56 (2.06) 9.1 (2.22) 8.87 (1.39) 14.45 0.013
Married 6678 40.11 (1.08) 12.25 (0.85) 10.9 (0.64) 18.05 (0.67) 7.15 (0.46) 11.54 (0.57)   
Living alone
  No 6290 40.21 (0.99) 11.55 (0.85) 10.61 (0.50) 18.28 (0.64) 7.42 (0.47) 11.93 (0.59) 6.88 0.230
  Yes 1093 44.44 (3.07) 12.72 (2.31) 12.6 (2.36) 15.29 (2.55) 7.09 (1.63) 7.87 (1.07)   
Education
  Illiteracy 971 47.72 (2.28) 8.85 (1.12) 12.99 (1.39) 12.89 (1.41) 7.71 (1.03) 9.83 (1.09) 34.35 0.003
  Primary or junior high school 3240 41.17 (1.24) 10.07 (1.12) 12.13 (0.69) 16.97 (0.81) 7.29 (0.55) 12.38 (0.77)   
  Senior high school 1944 39.28 (1.72) 13.38 (1.30) 9.86 (1.69) 19.53 (1.66) 6.61 (0.59) 11.35 (0.96)   
  Graduate 1222 38.38 (2.42) 14.81 (2.01) 8.71 (1.23) 20.2 (1.37) 8.4 (2.51) 9.49 (1.30)   
Smoking
  No 2001 56.63 (1.83) 11.65 (1.67) 7.69 (0.74) 14.26 (1.12) 4.18 (0.55) 5.58 (0.58) 147.89 <0.001
  Yes 5383 34.77 (1.05) 11.78 (0.74) 12.2 (0.78) 19.2 (0.80) 8.6 (0.79) 13.45 (0.72)   
Self- Comment of Your Health
  Excellent 297 30.86 (4.19) 11.05 (2.17) 6.79 (1.76) 24.54 (6.50) 12.11 (5.52) 14.66 (3.18) 90.52 <0.001
  Very good 987 39.54 (2.36) 10.87 (1.18) 5.68 (0.86) 18.93 (1.46) 9.75 (2.15) 15.24 (1.31)   
  Good 2436 38.81 (1.63) 13.39 (1.43) 9.12 (1.40) 19.41 (1.12) 7.06 (0.60) 12.2 (0.84)   
  Fair 2545 42.08 (1.53) 12.45 (1.44) 12.32 (0.83) 16.39 (1.02) 6.8 (0.61) 9.95 (0.73)   
  Poor 1117 47.71 (1.94) 7.33 (0.99) 18.53 (1.53) 14.07 (1.24) 5.42 (0.84) 6.95 (0.88)   
Region
  Central 1132 40.49 (2.34) 11.5 (1.25) 12.16 (1.19) 19.49 (1.61) 6.94 (0.98) 9.42 (1.07) 162.30 <0.001
  East 2243 35.8 (1.49) 9.8 (1.27) 10.54 (0.89) 19.81 (1.21) 8.54 (0.74) 15.51 (1.19)   
  North-central 1065 45.75 (1.99) 10.85 (1.49) 8.71 (1.07) 18.69 (1.22) 6.22 (0.88) 9.78 (1.52)   
  North-east 549 31.98 (2.48) 8.43 (1.37) 10.86 (1.89) 24.66 (1.66) 6.98 (1.22) 17.1 (2.51)   
  North-west 561 51.12 (2.92) 18.32 (1.71) 9.78 (1.70) 16.83 (2.01) 2.17 (0.62) 1.78 (0.57)   
  South 566 52.87 (6.95) 19.17 (3.36) 8.13 (3.56) 9.01 (1.59) 7.81 (3.79) 2.99 (0.91)   
  South-west 1268 37.19 (2.01) 8.94 (0.99) 15.16 (1.39) 15.76 (1.44) 8.87 (1.08) 14.09 (1.21)   
Depression          
  No 4578 39.00 (1.11) 11.12 (0.89) 8.66 (0.50) 19.86 (0.86) 8.21 (0.92) 13.14 (0.73) 42.05 <0.001
Yes 2035 42.31 (1.53) 8.37 (0.75) 14.3 (0.98) 17.75 (1.06) 7.05 (0.67) 10.22 (0.81)   
Working status
NO 2021 48.08 (1.36) 9.35 (0.92) 15.15 (1.16) 14.44 (1.00) 6.16 (0.84) 6.83 (0.71) 105.92 <0.001
Yes 5363 37.53 (1.21) 12.87 (0.88) 8.95 (0.73) 19.40 (0.79) 7.93 (0.59) 13.32 (0.68)   
Social activities
No 3445 42.98 (1.43) 10.46 (1.58) 10.53 (0.69) 17.25 (1.07) 6.94 (0.50) 11.84 (0.74) 5.79 0.327
Yes 3939 39.24 (1.18) 12.77 (0.95) 11.27 (0.99) 18.26 (0.78) 7.70 (0.99) 10.76 (0.69)   
Sleep time
  <6.0 h 1449 39.32 (1.86) 8.74 (0.87) 13.81 (1.07) 18.75 (1.34) 7.61 (0.82) 11.77 (1.08) 25.13 0.005
  6.0~7.9 h 2532 38.21 (1.42) 11.39 (0.85) 9.21 (0.82) 21.33 (0.91) 8.77 (1.49) 11.09 (0.87)   
  ≥8.0 h 2977 41.36 (1.42) 11.14 (1.37) 9.51 (0.63) 17.47 (1.15) 7.35 (0.54) 13.17 (0.81)   
  1. Drs/wk: drinks/week