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Table 2 Univariable Associations of Sociodemographic, Economic, and Chronic Disease Potential Predictors of COVID-19 Hospitalization Risk in the St. Louis Area, Missouri

From: Geographic disparities and predictors of COVID-19 hospitalization risks in the St. Louis Area, Missouri (USA)

Type of Variable Variable Coefficient 95% Confidence Interval P-values
Demographic Factors
  % male population 0.004 -0.015, 0.024 0.727
  % black population 0.007 0.005, 0.009  < 0.0001
  % Hispanic/Latino population -0.021 -0.056, 0.016 0.292
Educational Variables
  % with ≤ high school education 0.015 0.010, 0.020  < 0.0001
  % with some college education 0.035 0.022, 0.049  < 0.0001
  % with associate's degree 0.028 0.0002, 0.055 0.036
  % with bachelor’s degree -0.021 -0.028, -0.014  < 0.0001
Economic Variables
  % below poverty level 0.017 0.009, 0.024  < 0.0001
  median income -5.00E-06 -0.000008, -0.000003  < 0.0001
Health Behavior (ZCTA-level number of hospitalized patients that use tobacco per 100 Population)
  % tobacco1 0.046 0.034, 0.058  < 0.0001
Co-morbidities (ZCTA-level number of hospitalized patients with specific condition per 100 Population)
  % obesity 0.138 0.104, 0.171  < 0.0001
  % cancer -0.029 -0.096,0.032 0.377
  % COPD2 0.11 0.055, 0.164  < 0.0001
  % CKD3 0.1 0.068, 0.131  < 0.0001
  % heart failure 0.194 0.123, 0.265  < 0.0001
  % diabetes 0.11 0.083, 0.136  < 0.0001
Confirmed COVID-19 Cases
  total cases 1.40E-05 -0.0002, 0.00023 0.9
  cases per 100 population 0.277 0.192, 0.3621  < 0.0001
  1. 1ZCTA-level % of COVID-19 hospitalized patients that were tobacco users
  2. 2Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  3. 3Chronic Kidney Disease