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Table 4 Association between HIV testing history and new HIV diagnosis among 1500 symptomatic outpatients

From: Predictors of testing history and new HIV diagnosis among adult outpatients seeking care for symptoms of acute HIV infection in coastal Kenya: a cross-sectional analysis of intervention participants in a stepped-wedge HIV testing trial

  New diagnoses
(n, % of diagnoses)
Odds Ratio
(95% Confidence Interval)
Wald p value Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) Wald p value
Testing history, among 613 male participantsa
 Within past year 5 (29.4) Reference   Reference  
  > 1 year ago 5 (29.4) 1.04 (0.30, 3.64) 0.950 1.09 (0.28 4.22) 0.903
 Never tested 7 (41.2) 3.72 (1.15, 12.00) 0.028 5.35 (1.37, 20.87) 0.016
Testing history, among 887 female participantsb
 Within past year 8 (40.0) Reference   Reference  
  > 1 year ago 11 (55.0) 1.81 (0.72, 4.55) 0.206 1.91 (0.76, 4.83) 0.169
 Never tested 1 (5.0) 1.19 (0.15, 9.68) 0.873 1.09 (0.13, 8.93) 0.937
  1. aAdjusted for factors associated with both testing history and new HIV diagnosis at p < 0.10 including age, marital status, education level, religion and having children among males
  2. bAdjusted for body aches, the only factor associated with both testing history and new HIV diagnosis at p < 0.10 among females