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Table 3 Multivariable Logistic Regression Model Reporting Adjusted Odds Ratios And 95% Confidence Intervals for Relationship Between Screen Time and Vulnerability (Vulnerable vs. Not Vulnerable) on Five Developmental Health Domains Among Preschool-Aged Children in British Columbia, Canada

From: Screen time and developmental health: results from an early childhood study in Canada

 

Physical

health and wellbeing

Social

competence

Emotional maturity

Language and cognitive development

Communication skills

 

OR

(95% CI)

OR

(95% CI)

OR

(95% CI)

OR

(95% CI)

OR

(95% CI)

Screen time

  > 1 h

1.41† 1

(0.99 - 2)

1.60**

(1.16 - 2.2)

1.29† 2

(0.96 - 1.73)

1.81**

(1.19 - 2.74)

1.60*

(1.1 - 2.34)

  ≤ 1 h

Reference

    

Sex

  Male

1.73***

(1.34 - 2.23)

2.83***

(2.21 - 3.63)

3.13***

(2.47 - 3.96)

1.36*

(1.03 - 1.79)

1.95***

(1.49 - 2.55)

  Female

Reference

    

Ethnicity

  European origins

1.12

(0.84 - 1.49)

0.88

(0.68 - 1.13)

1.08

(0.84 - 1.38)

0.77

(0.56 - 1.06)

0.49***

(0.36 - 0.66)

  Not Euro. origins

Reference

    

Annual household income

  < $75,000

1.55*

(1.03 - 2.31)

1.89**

(1.32 - 2.7)

1.42*

(1.02 - 1.98)

2.42***

(1.56 - 3.77)

1.98**

(1.27 - 3.1)

  ≥ $75,000

Reference

    

Population Centre

  Urban

0.92

(0.67 - 1.27)

1.02

(0.77 - 1.36)

0.86

(0.66 - 1.14)

0.83

(0.62 - 1.11)

1.42*

(1.07 - 1.88)

  Small to medium

Reference

    

Physical activity

  Nonparticipant

2.2***

(1.66 - 2.92)

1.68***

(1.28 - 2.2)

1.52**

(1.17 - 1.99)

1.99***

(1.46 - 2.7)

2.12***

(1.57 - 2.87)

  Participant

Reference

    

Sleep

  < 10 h

1.43

(0.99 - 2.05)

1.51*

(1.08 - 2.12)

1.71**

(1.25 - 2.36)

1.69**

(1.15 - 2.48)

1.63**

(1.14 - 2.33)

  ≥ 10 h

Reference

    

  Screen time X Income

1.31

(0.78 - 2.19)

0.87

(0.53 - 1.4)

1.21

(0.76 - 1.95)

0.77

(0.43 - 1.38)

0.72

(0.4 - 1.28)

  1. Notes. N = 2,818. ***p < 0.001. **p < 0.01. *p < 0.05. For each of the five developmental health domains, vulnerable is coded as 1 and not vulnerable is coded as 0.
  2. indicates marginal significance at p < 0.109
  3. 1 When the interaction term is removed from the model, OR 1.58; 95% CI 1.23 - 2.04); p < 0.001
  4. 2 When the interaction term is removed from the model, OR 1.39; 95% CI 1.12 - 1.73); p < 0.01