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Table 3 Multivariable Logistic Regression Model Reporting Adjusted Odds Ratios And 95% Confidence Intervals for Relationship Between Screen Time and Vulnerability (Vulnerable vs. Not Vulnerable) on Five Developmental Health Domains Among Preschool-Aged Children in British Columbia, Canada

From: Screen time and developmental health: results from an early childhood study in Canada

  Physical
health and wellbeing
Social
competence
Emotional maturity Language and cognitive development Communication skills
  OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
Screen time
  > 1 h 1.41† 1
(0.99 - 2)
1.60**
(1.16 - 2.2)
1.29† 2
(0.96 - 1.73)
1.81**
(1.19 - 2.74)
1.60*
(1.1 - 2.34)
  ≤ 1 h Reference     
Sex
  Male 1.73***
(1.34 - 2.23)
2.83***
(2.21 - 3.63)
3.13***
(2.47 - 3.96)
1.36*
(1.03 - 1.79)
1.95***
(1.49 - 2.55)
  Female Reference     
Ethnicity
  European origins 1.12
(0.84 - 1.49)
0.88
(0.68 - 1.13)
1.08
(0.84 - 1.38)
0.77
(0.56 - 1.06)
0.49***
(0.36 - 0.66)
  Not Euro. origins Reference     
Annual household income
  < $75,000 1.55*
(1.03 - 2.31)
1.89**
(1.32 - 2.7)
1.42*
(1.02 - 1.98)
2.42***
(1.56 - 3.77)
1.98**
(1.27 - 3.1)
  ≥ $75,000 Reference     
Population Centre
  Urban 0.92
(0.67 - 1.27)
1.02
(0.77 - 1.36)
0.86
(0.66 - 1.14)
0.83
(0.62 - 1.11)
1.42*
(1.07 - 1.88)
  Small to medium Reference     
Physical activity
  Nonparticipant 2.2***
(1.66 - 2.92)
1.68***
(1.28 - 2.2)
1.52**
(1.17 - 1.99)
1.99***
(1.46 - 2.7)
2.12***
(1.57 - 2.87)
  Participant Reference     
Sleep
  < 10 h 1.43
(0.99 - 2.05)
1.51*
(1.08 - 2.12)
1.71**
(1.25 - 2.36)
1.69**
(1.15 - 2.48)
1.63**
(1.14 - 2.33)
  ≥ 10 h Reference     
  Screen time X Income 1.31
(0.78 - 2.19)
0.87
(0.53 - 1.4)
1.21
(0.76 - 1.95)
0.77
(0.43 - 1.38)
0.72
(0.4 - 1.28)
  1. Notes. N = 2,818. ***p < 0.001. **p < 0.01. *p < 0.05. For each of the five developmental health domains, vulnerable is coded as 1 and not vulnerable is coded as 0.
  2. indicates marginal significance at p < 0.109
  3. 1 When the interaction term is removed from the model, OR 1.58; 95% CI 1.23 - 2.04); p < 0.001
  4. 2 When the interaction term is removed from the model, OR 1.39; 95% CI 1.12 - 1.73); p < 0.01