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Table 2 The prior codes and categories from the interview involving

From: Socio-cultural context of adolescent sexuality and youth friendly service intervention in West Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: a qualitative study




Socially accepted definition of adolescent




-physical change (height, weight, voice change)

-marriage as a demarcation as an adult

- expected to participate in the social events

-behavioral change (aggressive, argue with parents)

Socially accepted behaviour during adolescence

-non SRH related

-SRH related

-respectful, limited movement, not argue with parents

-do not stand/talk with opposite sex, not started sex

Social norm related to premarital sex

-Religious stance

-Socio-cultural stance

-Gender stance

-considered as a sin, violating the Lord’s wishes, disobedience of religious teachings

- embracing, out of the norm, taboo, poor parenting

-strict in girls, huge consequences, affect future personal development

Socially accepted SRH service use by unmarried adolescents

-contraceptive use

-HIV testing

- contraceptive use is a sin, violating the Lord’s wishes

- HIV testing before marriage is encouraged

SRH information to be communicated to unmarried adolescents

-protective aspect of sexuality

-dangers aspect of risk sexual behaviour

- abstaining from sex

-STIs, HIV and teenage pregnancy

Barriers of communication on matters related to SRH

- misconception

-social norms


-fear that it will initiate sex

-unhelpful norms, shame, lack of SRH knowledge

-too young to be told