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Table 2 Show that the perinatal mortality among pregnancy by reproductive health characteristics of study participants in high mortality regions, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Individual and community-level factors of perinatal mortality in the high mortality regions of Ethiopia: a multilevel mixed-effect analysis

Variable Categories Frequency (%) weighted Frequency (%) unweighted Number of perinatal deaths (PMR [per 1,000]) weighted number of perinatal deaths (PMR [per 1,000])
Age at first birth  < 18 years 2002(48.6) 1604(48.3) 95(50.29) 76(46.62)
 ≥ 18 years 2118(51.4) 1718(51.7) 87(43.41) 54(35.32)
Place of delivery Health institution 1853(45.0) 1453(43.7) 53(29.79) 38(27.35)
Home 2267(55.0) 1869(56.3) 129(61.02) 92(52.00)
Preceding birth interval (N:2684)  ≥ 2 years 2404(72.1) 2183(81.3) 68(29.42) 65(30.98)
 < 2 years 929(27.9) 501(18.7) 75(88.86) 45(99.12)
Women participating in making health care decisions Yes 3146(76.4) 2881(86.7) 101(33.73) 100(40.00)
No 974(23.6) 441(13.3) 81(91.11) 30(45.38)
Parity 1–3 1778(43.2) 1533(46.1) 70(41.20) 42(28.59)
4–6 1435(34.8) 1076(32.4) 59(43.51) 31(30.03)
 ≥ 6 907(22.0) 713(21.5) 53(63.25) 57(86.62)
Time to breastfeeding Initiations Within1hour 1933(46.9) 1637(49.3) 43(22.76) 29(18.57)
 > 1 h 2187(53.1) 1685(50.7) 139(69.36) 101(65.04)
Postnatal care with 2 days Yes 2618(63.5) 1957(58.9) 107(43.39) 68(36.67)
No 1502(36.5) 1365(41.1) 75(52.56) 62(47.54)
Ever had a terminated pregnancy No 3660(88.8) 2949(88.8) 129(37.34) 85(30.32)
Yes 460(11.2) 373(11.2) 53(120.72) 45(126.40)
Antenatal care visits (N:2456)  ≥ 4 visits 952(34.6) 892(36.3) 23(24.46) 25(28.67)
1–3 visits 934(33.9) 850(34.6) 22(24.10) 20(24.09)
No at all 868(31.5) 714(29.1) 64(79.11) 39(57.78)
Tetanus toxoid vaccination Not all 1241 (45.1) 1107(45.1) 64(54.10) 43(40.49)
One times 371 (13.5) 386(15.7) 7(19.61) 14(37.83)
 ≥ 2 +  1141( 41.4) 962(39.2) 37(33.21) 26(27.51)
Distance from Health facilities Not big problem 2819(68.4) 2315(69.7) 79(29.32) 59(26.55)
Big problem 1301(31.6) 1007(30.3) 103(85.90) 71(75.770
Health insurance Yes 3884(94.3) 3018(90.8) 8(34.33) 12(40.00))
No 236(5.7) 304(9.2) 174(47.54) 118(41.22)
  1. Variables measured at the time of birth: age at first birth, place of delivery, birth interval, parity, time to breastfeeding initiations, postnatal care, antenatal care visits, tetanus toxoid vaccination, and history of terminated pregnancy
  2. Variables measured at the time of the survey: distance from health facilities, health insurance, and women participation in making health care decisions
  3. PMR perinatal mortality rate