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Table 5 Association Between Adherence to DGEA and Clinical Indicators or Health Outcomes in the Subject Population (n = 836)

From: Adherence to dietary guide for elderly adults and health risks of older adults in ethnic minority areas in China: a cross-sectional study

  Crude model Adjusted model 1 Adjusted model 2
Linearized Estimation Linearized Estimation Bootstrapped Estimation Linearized Estimation Bootstrapped Estimation
β a 95% CI P β a 95% CI P 95% CI P β a 95% CI P 95% CI P
HbA1C 0.181 −0.485 - 0.847 0.594 0.220 −0.447 - 0.887 0.518 − 0.451 - 1.067 0.653 0.244 − 0.499 - 0.986 0.519 − 0.500 - 1.292 0.629
TC −0.269 − 0.997 - 0.459 0.468 − 0.244 − 0.959 - 0.471 0.503 −0.896 - 0.339 0.406 −0.269 −1.041 - 0.502 0.493 −0.980 - 0.424 0.456
TG 0.035 −0.668 - 0.737 0.923 0.068 −0.633 - 0.769 0.849 −0.695 - 0.998 0.856 −0.118 −0.832 - 0.596 0.746 −0.864 - 0.786 0.782
LDL.C −0.190 −0.852 - 0.471 0.572 −0.172 −0.831 - 0.487 0.609 −0.827 - 0.510 0.585 −0.164 −0.870 - 0.542 0.648 −0.937 - 0.508 0.650
HDL.C −0.076 −0.384 - 0.232 0.628 −0.077 −0.384 - 0.230 0.625 −0.345 - 0.176 0.564 −0.109 −0.441 - 0.223 0.521 −0.417 - 0.174 0.480
UA −19.955 −84.901 - 44.991 0.547 −22.856 −83.476 - 37.763 0.459 −66.085 - 34.384 0.311 −24.409 −90.004 - 41.186 0.465 −71.573 - 29.854 0.336
FPG 0.224 −0.837 - 1.285 0.678 0.197 −0.866 - 1.261 0.716 −0.862 - 1.441 0.794 0.286 −0.861 - 1.433 0.625 −0.970 - 1.753 0.699
SBP −0.033 −17.801 - 17.735 0.997 −2.071 − 19.788 - 15.646 0.819 −19.306 - 15.787 0.818 3.147 −15.886 - 22.180 0.746 −17.032 - 24.218 0.726
DBP −3.482 −14.046 - 7.083 0.518 −3.655 −14.251 - 6.941 0.499 −12.126 - 4.788 0.397 −2.450 −13.934 - 9.034 0.675 −12.147 - 7.194 0.600
BMI 0.144 −2.235 - 2.524 0.905 0.384 −1.986 - 2.754 0.750 −2.341 - 3.411 0.775 −0.116 −2.555 - 2.323 0.926 −3.347 - 3.122 0.934
BMD 0.903 −0.375 - 2.181 0.166 0.796 −0.616 - 2.208 0.269 −0.532 - 2.190 0.677 0.766 −0.755 - 2.287 0.323 −0.662 - 2.217 0.714
FLD 1.589 0.795–30.177 0.087 1.805 0.962–38.471 0.055 −0.553 - 3.635 0.050 2.272 1.442–65.243 0.019 −0.046 - 4.062 0.019
Hypertension −0.400 0.147–3.062 0.606 −0.540 0.126–2.689 0.489 −2.310 - 0.994 0.514 −0.401 0.132–3.393 0.628 −2.435 - 1.204 0.644
Diabetes 0.047 0.043–25.507 0.977 0.334 0.055–35.809 0.840 −6.202 - 2.879 0.856 0.543 0.062–47.955 0.749 −7.837 - 3.163 0.770
CCD −0.260 0.041–14.446 0.862 − 0.307 0.039–13.964 0.838 −3.887 - 1.845 0.814 0.008 0.051–19.751 0.996 −3.393 - 2.280 0.997
Cancer b              
  1. Footnotes: HbA1C Glycosylated hemoglobin (%), TC Total cholesterol (mmol/L), TG Triglyceride (mmol/L), HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L), LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L), UA Uric acid (μmol/L), FPG Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L), SBP/DBP Systolic/diastolic blood pressure (mmHg), BMI Body mass index, BMD Bone mineral density, FLD Fatty liver disease, CCD Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease
  2. DGEA Dietary Guide for Elderly Adults
  3. a Regression coefficients for the analysis with adherence as the independent variable and clinical indicators or health outcomes as the dependent variable
  4. b The number of cancer cases was too small to calculate
  5. Crude model: no adjustment; Adjusted model 1: adjusted for age and gander; Adjusted model 2: adjusted for age, gander, nation, marital status, education level, occupation, household income and smoking