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Table 1 COM-B Questionnaire statement responses by students (n = 287)

From: Co-design of a school-based physical activity intervention for adolescent females in a disadvantaged community: insights from the Girls Active Project (GAP)

Questionnaire statement*    Questionnaire Response (%)  
For me to do physical activity at school, I would have to … Mean (SD) 95% CI 1 2 3 4 5 Categorisation **
Capability
1. Know more about why it is important, e.g. have a better understanding of the benefits of exercising more 3.17 (0.99) 3.06 to 3.29 4.9 20.2 35.2 32.4 7.3 Neutral
2. Know more about how to do it, e.g. have a better understanding of effective ways of exercising or being physically active 3.49 (0.99) 3.37 to 3.60 2.8 15.0 26.1 42.9 13.2 Neutral
3. Have better physical skills, e.g. learn different exercises or movements to help me be physically active 3.49 (1.02) 3.37 to 3.61 3.5 14.3 26.1 41.8 14.3 Neutral
4. Have better mental skills, e.g. learn how to reason more effectively 3.25 (1.04) 3.13 to 3.38 4.5 20.9 29.3 35.2 10.1 Neutral
5. Have more physical strength, e.g. build up muscles for demanding physical work 3.19 (1.13) 3.06 to 3.32 7.0 23.0 26.5 31.4 12.2 Neutral
6. Have more mental strength, e.g. develop stronger resilience against barriers to being more active 3.37 (1.03) 3.25 to 3.49 2.4 22.0 24.4 39.0 12.2 Neutral
7. Overcome physical limitations, e.g. to get around problems of stature of disability 3.17 (1.06) 3.05 to 3.29 7.3 19.5 29.6 35.9 7.7 Neutral
8. Overcome mental obstacles, e.g. develop stronger resilience against the temptation to not exercise 3.49 (1.06) 3.37 to 3.61 3.8 16.0 23.0 41.5 15.7 Neutral
9. Have more physical stamina, e.g. develop a great capacity to maintain physical effort 3.56 (0.97) 3.45 to 3.67 3.5 10.8 25.1 47.4 13.2 Neutral
10. Have more mental stamina, e.g. develop a greater capacity to maintain mental effort 3.49 (0.97) 3.38 to 3.61 2.8 13.6 27.2 44.3 12.2 Neutral
Mean score: psychological capability component (statements: 1,2,4,6,8,10) 3.38 (0.70) 3.30 to 3.46       Neutral
Mean score: physical capability component (statements: 3,5,7,9) 3.35 (0.73) 3.27 to 3.44       Neutral
Opportunity
11. Have more time to do it, e.g. create dedicated time during the day 4.01 (0.91) 3.91 to 4.12 1.0 6.3 15.3 44.9 32.4 Agree
12. Have more money, e.g. be given or earn funds to support the behaviour 2.99 (1.17) 2.85 to 3.12 7.7 33.1 24.4 22.6 12.2 Disagree
13. Have the necessary materials, e.g. acquire better clothes/shoes/other equipment for the task 3.59 (1.07) 3.47 to 3.72 4.9 10.8 24.0 40.8 19.5 Neutral
14. Have it more easily accessible, e.g. easier access to facilities 3.60 (0.98) 3.49 to 3.71 1.7 12.9 26.5 41.5 17.4 Neutral
15. Have more people around me doing it, e.g. be part of a “crowd” who are doing it 3.26 (1.20) 3.12 to 3.40 9.8 19.2 20.2 36.9 13.9 Neutral
16. Have more triggers to prompt me, e.g. have more reminders at strategic times 3.30 (0.93) 3.20 to 3.41 3.5 15.0 36.2 38.3 7.0 Neutral
17. Have more support from others, e.g. have my friends or classmates behind me 3.42 (1.08) 3.30 to 3.55 4.9 15.3 28.2 35.9 15.7 Neutral
Mean score: physical opportunity component (statements: 11,12,13,14) 3.55 (0.73) 3.46 to 3.63       Neutral
Mean score: social opportunity component (statements: 15,16,17) 3.33 (0.80) 3.24 to 3.42       Neutral
Motivation
18. Feel that I want to do it enough, e.g. feel more of a sense of pleasure or satisfaction from exercise 3.82 (0.94) 3.71 to 3.93 1.7 7.7 20.6 46.7 23.3 Neutral
19. Feel that I need to do it enough, e.g. care more about the negative consequences of not doing it 3.55 (1.03) 3.43 to 3.67 4.2 10.8 27.9 39.7 17.4 Neutral
20. Believe that it would be a good thing to do, e.g. have a stronger sense that I should do it 3.75 (0.91) 3.64 to 3.86 2.1 7.0 23.7 48.4 18.8 Neutral
21. Develop better plans for doing it, e.g. have a clearer and better developed plan for exercising regularly 3.76 (0.88) 3.66 to 3.86 1.7 5.9 24.7 49.5 18.1 Neutral
22. Develop a habit of doing it, e.g. get into a pattern of exercising regularly without having to think 3.97 (0.88) 3.87 to 4.07 1.0 5.2 18.5 46.3 28.9 Neutral
Mean score: automatic motivation component (statements: 18,19,22) 3.78 (0.76) 3.69 to 3.87       Neutral
Mean score: reflective motivation component (statements: 20,21) 3.76 (0.78) 3.67 to 3.85       Neutral
  1. * participants responded on a scale of 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)
  2. ** mean response to statement categorised as agree ≥4, neutral ≥3 < 4, disagree < 3