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Table 2 Fatal drowning in the Netherlands 1998–2017: Comparison between migration backgrounds and non-residents. Additional data on the incidence per 100,000 population by cause of drowning, migration background and age is available as Supplementary Table to Figure 2 and Table 2

From: Fatal drowning statistics from the Netherlands – an example of an aggregated demographic profile

  Residents of the Netherlands Non-residents of the Netherlands
1998–2017 Native Dutch background Western background Non-western background
Total drowning
 Number of drownings 3840 (68.9%) 427 (7.7%) 625 (11.2%) 679 (12.2%)
 Incidence per 100,000 1.46 1.43 1.76
 Standard Mortality 1.46 1.44 2.70*
 Average age at death 55.6 yrs 50.2 yrs 32.5 yrs 40.7 yrs
 Male / female 2.1 2.2 3.3 4.9
Suicide by drowning
 Number of drownings 1803 185 209 169
 Percentage of total drownings 47.0% 43.3% 33.4% 24.9%
 Incidence per 100,000 0.68 0.62 0.59
 Standard Mortality 0.68 0.62 1.16*
 Average age at death 61.9 yrs 58.4 yrs 42.6 yrs 44.3 yrs
Accidental drowning
 Number of drownings 1257 163 298 399
 Percentage of total drownings 32.7% 38.2% 47.7% 58.8%
 Incidence per 100,000 0.48 0.55 0.84
 Standard Mortality 0.48 0.57* 1.15*
 Average age at death 50.9 yrs 43.5 yrs 25.3 yrs 38.8 yrs
Transport accidents with drowning
 Number of drownings 647 60 87 111
 Percentage of total drownings 16.8% 14.1% 13.9% 16.3%
 Incidence per 100,000 0.25 0.20 0.24
 Standard Mortality 0.25 0.20 0.28
 Average age at death 48.1 yrs 43.7 yrs 32.9 yrs 42.0 yrs
  1. --- The total non-resident population is not known and therefore the incidence and the Standard Mortality cannot be calculated
  2. * The Standard Mortality (SM) is significantly higher compared to the other migration backgrounds (t-test: p < 0.05)