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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of patients with HIV infection whose medical records were reviewed, northeast Massachusetts, 2018 (N = 88)

From: An outbreak of HIV infection among people who inject drugs in northeastern Massachusetts: findings and lessons learned from a medical record review

Sociodemographic Characteristic n %
Sex
 Male 54 61
 Female 34 39
Race/Ethnicity
 White non-Hispanic 46 52
 Black non-Hispanic 4 5
 Hispanic/Latino 33 38
 Other/unknown 5 6
Age (as of 6/30/2018, years)
 20-29 26 30
 30-39 35 40
 40-49 15 17
 50-59 7 8
  > 60 5 6
Place of birth
 United States mainland 50 57
 Puerto Rico 18 21
 Other 3 3
 Unknown 17 19
HIV risk exposure
 Male to male sexual contact (MSM) 0 0
 Heterosexual only 12 14
 Injection drug use (IDU) 71 81
 MSM/IDU 1 1
 Unknown/not documented 4 5
Year of HIV diagnosisb
 Prior to 2015 11 13
 2015 5 6
 2016 15 17
 2017 46 52
 2018 11 13
Age (at HIV diagnosis, years)b
  < 19 1 1
 20-29 29 33
 30-39 35 40
 40-49 14 16
 50-59 6 7
  > 60 3 3
Incarcerated during review perioda
 Yes 19 22
 No 69 78
Homeless during review perioda
 Yes 65 74
 No 20 23
 Not Documented 3 3
Health insurance coverage (as of 6/30/18)
 Medicare 10 11
 Medicaid 72 82
 Medicare/Medicaid 1 1
 Private health insurance 1 1
 None, self-pay 4 5
  1. aAs determined through medical record review, and HIV surveillance data reported to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health through October 31, 2018. Medical record review period was May 1, 2016 through date of data abstraction (abstraction performed May 17 to June 6, 2018)
  2. bAs documented HIV surveillance data reported to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health