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Table 4 Decomposition estimates for who did not receive full vaccination (12–23 months) by background characteristics in Bangladesh, 2007 and 2017–18

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in non- coverage of full vaccination among children in Bangladesh: a comparative study of Demographic and Health Surveys, 2007 and 2017–18

Background characteristics 2007 2017–18
Elasticity Concentration Index Absolute contribution % contribution   Elasticity Concentration Index Absolute contribution % contribution  
Sex of the child
 Male      -0.5      -0.3
 Female -0.006 -0.017 0.000 -0.5 -0.007 -0.004 0.000 -0.3
Mother’s age (in years)
 15–19      3.9      13.2
 20–24 -0.008 0.018 0.000 0.6 -0.006 0.044 0.000 2.8
 25–29 -0.017 0.056 -0.001 4.1 -0.015 -0.039 0.001 -6.1
 30 +  -0.009 -0.020 0.000 -0.7 -0.027 0.058 -0.002 16.5
Mother’s educational status
 Not educated      49.2      38.4
 Primary -0.012 -0.190 0.002 -9.6 -0.008 -0.280 0.002 -22.1
 Secondary -0.044 0.199 -0.009 37.1 -0.041 0.025 -0.001 10.8
 Higher -0.008 0.657 -0.005 21.6 -0.011 0.456 -0.005 49.7
Mother’s working status
 Not working      1.9      -7.8
 working 0.004 -0.103 0.000 1.9 -0.005 -0.157 0.001 -7.8
Media exposure (Radio/television/newspaper)
 Not exposed      5.9      -5.7
 Exposed to one -0.007 0.213 -0.001 5.9 0.003 0.190 0.001 -5.7
Parity           
 1      5.0      16.9
 2 -0.016 0.004 0.000 0.3 0.010 0.036 0.000 -3.5
 3 -0.001 -0.027 0.000 -0.1 0.014 -0.076 -0.001 10.7
 4 +  0.005 -0.231 -0.001 4.8 0.005 -0.203 -0.001 9.7
Preceding child interval (in months)
 < 24 months      3.4      2.7
 24–36 months -0.012 -0.234 0.003 -11.8 0.007 -0.101 -0.001 7.0
 > 36 months -0.068 0.052 -0.004 15.2 0.023 0.018 0.000 -4.3
Ante-natal care visits
 No visits      29.4      40.3
 1–3 visits -0.017 0.021 0.000 1.5 -0.005 -0.130 0.001 -6.3
 4 + visits -0.019 0.347 -0.007 27.9 -0.023 0.198 -0.004 46.6
Post-natal care
 No      0.7      -45.2
 Yes -0.001 0.318 0.000 0.7 -0.023 -0.190 0.004 -45.2
Place child was delivered
 Home      2.9      60.5
 Health facility -0.001 0.487 -0.001 2.9 -0.027 0.215 -0.006 60.5
Father's educational status
 Not educated      7.5      5.4
 Primary -0.021 -0.103 0.002 -9.4 -0.008 -0.225 0.002 -18.0
 Secondary -0.004 0.245 -0.001 4.4 -0.005 0.141 -0.001 6.6
 Higher -0.005 0.575 -0.003 12.5 -0.004 0.450 -0.002 16.8
Father's working status
 Not working      -2.1      -0.2
 working -0.071 -0.007 0.000 -2.1 -0.057 0.000 0.000 -0.2
Wealth Index
 Poorest      0.3      4.5
 Poorer 0.013 -0.376 -0.005 21.1 0.006 -0.385 -0.002 25.2
 Middle 0.009 0.027 0.000 -1.0 -0.002 0.014 0.000 0.3
 Richer 0.002 0.425 0.001 -3.1 0.006 0.404 0.003 -26.0
 Richest 0.005 0.809 0.004 -16.6 -0.001 0.801 0.000 5.0
Religion
 Islam      -0.1      1.2
 Others 0.001 0.048 0.000 -0.1 0.001 -0.139 0.000 1.2
Residence
 Urban      6.7      -19.9
 Rural 0.011 -0.147 -0.002 6.7 -0.014 -0.142 0.002 -19.9
Region
 Barisal      -14.2      -3.8
 Chittagong 0.032 0.116 0.004 -15.7 0.000 0.111 0.000 -0.5
 Dhaka 0.026 0.065 0.002 -7.1 -0.008 0.141 -0.001 11.2
 Khulna 0.004 0.019 0.000 -0.3 -0.004 -0.027 0.000 -1.0
 Rajshahi 0.011 -0.143 -0.002 7.0 -0.007 -0.197 0.001 -13.9
 Sylhet 0.014 -0.033 0.000 1.9 0.000 -0.111 0.000 0.3
 Total     100.0       100
 Calculated CCI    -0.023      -0.010   
 Actual CCI    -0.134      -0.084   
 Residual    -0.110      -0.074   
  1. CCI Concentration Index