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Table 2 Univariate Analysis Showing Association between Variables with Violence

From: Domestic violence and associated factors during COVID-19 epidemic: an online population-based study in Iran

Characteristic Violence p-value OR (CI 95%)
No-Increase n (%) Increase n (%)
How have you changed the state of physical activity?    0.013  
 Higher 56(13.7) 32(13.1)   Ref
 No change 145(35.5) 55(22.4)   1.2(1.1–1.8)
 Lower 207(50.7) 158(64.5)   2.2(1.4–3.3)
Have you used tobacco (cigarettes, hookah, and pipe)?    0.043  
 Yes 48(11.8) 44(17.9)   1.3(1.1–1.6)
 No 360(88.2) 201(82.0)   Ref
Have you used alcohol as a beverage?    0.022  
 Yes 8(1.9) 51(20.8)   1.2(1.1–1.8)
 No 400(98.1) 194(79.2)   Ref
Have you used drugs?    0.033  
 Yes 3(0.7) 7(2.9)   1.8(1.1–3.1)
 No 405(99.3) 238(97.1)   Ref
How often have you had remote communication with first-degree relatives who were living in other houses instead of face to face communication?    0.033  
  > 1 time in a week 326(79.9) 174(71.0)   2.4(1.6–3.6)
 1 time in a week 47(11.5) 42(17.1)   2.0(1.2–3.3)
 Once in a two weeks 14(3.4) 11(4.5)   Ref
  < Once in a two weeks 21(5.1) 18(7.3)   1.5(1.2–1.9)
For what reasons have you left home    0.016  
 Only for essentials (such as shopping, going to the doctor, etc.) 334(81.5) 180(73.5)   1.8(1.1–2.3)
 Even for unnecessary work (such as visiting relatives and friends, wandering the streets and sightseeing ...) 37(9.1) 32(13.1)   Ref
 Have not go out 37(9.1) 33(13.5)   2.1(1.2–3.5)
To what extent have your co-living complied    0.007  
 High 245(60.0) 120(49.0)   2.0(1.7–2.3)
 Medium 145(35.5 109(44.5)   1.8(1.5–2.0)
 Low 14(3.4) 12(4.9)   1.3(1.0–1.8)
 Not at all 4(1.0) 4(1.6)   Ref
Have you got infected corona disease    0.049  
 Yes 1(0.2) 4(1.6)   2.3(1.5–2.9)
 No 407(99.8) 241(98.4)   Ref
Have anyone in your first-degree family got infected corona disease    0.007  
 Yes 3(0.7) 9(3.7)   2.4(1.9–3.2)
 No 405(99.3) 236(96.3)   Ref