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Table 3 Linear regression analyses assessing the association between demographic and home-schooling factors and home-schooling participants’ levels of psychological distress, work/social impairment and wellbeing

From: Psychosocial impacts of home-schooling on parents and caregivers during the COVID-19 pandemic

  DQ5 Psychological distress
(N = 179; R2 = 0.29)
WSAS Work/social impairment
(N = 179; R2 = 0.26)
WHO-5 Wellbeing
(N = 179; R2 = 0.23)
  Estimate SE t p Estimate SE t p Estimate SE t p
Mental health diagnosis
  Past 1.809 1.038 1.743 0.083 2.768 1.943 1.425 0.156 -11.721 4.883 -2.400 0.018
  Current 3.897 0.896 4.348 <0.001 5.304 1.677 3.163 0.002 -17.982 4.215 -4.267 <0.001
  Never Reference     Reference     Reference    
Gender
  Female -1.403 0.766 -1.832 0.069 -4.660 1.433 -3.251 0.001 -1.423 3.602 -0.395 0.693
  Prefer not to answer 1.708 4.943 0.346 0.730 -7.621 9.250 -0.824 0.411 -21.717 23.246 -0.934 0.352
  Male Reference     Reference     Reference    
Educational attainment
  Certificate/diploma -1.394 1.082 -1.288 0.200 -1.115 2.025 -0.551 0.583 -5.206 5.089 -1.023 0.308
  Bachelor’s degree -2.078 1.020 -2.038 0.043 -0.810 1.908 -0.424 0.672 -1.513 4.796 -0.315 0.753
  Higher degree -4.648 2.067 -2.249 0.026 -0.338 3.867 -0.087 0.931 13.357 9.719 1.374 0.171
  Prefer not to answer -2.014 3.546 -0.568 0.571 -5.769 6.635 -0.869 0.386 11.083 16.676 0.665 0.507
  Secondary school or less Reference     Reference     Reference    
  Age -0.072 0.043 -1.685 0.094 -0.258 0.080 -3.229 0.002 -0.250 0.201 -1.242 0.216
  Working from home (Y/N) 1.061 0.853 1.244 0.215 0.279 1.596 0.175 0.862 -1.643 4.010 -0.410 0.683
  Share home-schooling duties (Y/N) 0.585 0.811 0.721 0.472 0.539 1.518 0.355 0.723 -0.048 3.814 -0.013 0.990
  Somewhat/a lot impact
(vs. none/little)
1.748 0.750 2.331 0.021 2.645 1.403 1.885 0.061 1.653 3.526 0.469 0.640
  Amount of support received from school -0.391 0.272 -1.438 0.152 -0.289 0.509 -0.568 0.571 0.570 1.280 0.445 0.657
  Perceived support from school -0.262 0.128 -2.049 0.042 -0.671 0.239 -2.805 0.006 2.066 0.601 3.435 0.001
  Primary vs. secondary school student -0.946 0.872 -1.085 0.280 0.911 1.631 0.559 0.577 1.028 4.099 0.251 0.802
  Intercept 17.719 2.684 6.601 <0.001 33.139 5.022 6.598 <0.001 48.773 12.622 3.864 <0.001