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Table 3 Logistic regression estimates for poor SRH, low psychological health and low subjective well-being among older adults

From: Tooth loss and associated self-rated health and psychological and subjective wellbeing among community-dwelling older adults: A cross-sectional study in India

Background factors Poor SRH Low psychological health Low subjective well-being
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Tooth loss
 No Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Yes 2.38*(1.99,2.83) 1.59*(1.33,1.91) 1.65*(1.38,1.97)
Smoking tobacco
 No Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Yes 1.04 (0.88,1.21) 1.11 (0.92,1.34) 1.08 (0.89,1.39)
Chewing tobacco
 No Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Yes 1.04 (0.92,1.18) 0.99 (0.86,1.13) 0.87*(0.76,0.99)
Alcohol consumption
 No Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Yes 0.88 (0.72,1.07) 1.14 (0.89,1.45) 0.78 (0.61,1)
Chronic diseases
 No Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Yes 2.17*(1.91,2.34) 1.57*(1.39,1.79) 1.40*(1.31,1.67)
Difficulty in ADL
 High Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Low 2.44*(1.94,3.06) 2.27*(1.88,2.74) 2.61*(2.15,3.14)
Difficulty in IADL
 High Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Low 1.63*(1.47,1.81) 1.68*(1.47,1.91) 1.72*(1.52,1.94)
Age (years)
 60-69 Ref. Ref. Ref.
 70-79 1.18*(1.06,1.32) 1.14 (1,1.3) 1.19*(1.05,1.35)
 80+ 1.18 (0.99,1.41) 1.19 (0.98,1.43) 1.26*(1.04,1.51)
Sex
 Male Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Female 0.89 (0.79,1.01) 0.88 (0.76,1.02) 0.94 (0.78,1.04)
Marital Status
 Not in union Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Currently in union 0.99 (0.88,1.12) 0.97 (0.84,1.12) 0.91 (0.79,1.04)
Education
 No education Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Below 5 years 0.89 (0.78,1.01) 0.75*(0.65,0.87) 0.74*(0.64,0.86)
 6-10 years 0.69*(0.6,0.79) 0.48*(0.4,0.57) 0.53*(0.45,0.63)
 11+ years 0.60*(0.48,0.75) 0.51*(0.36,0.71) 0.51*(0.37,0.7)
Working status (last one year)
 No Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Yes 0.77*(0.68,0.88) 0.81*(0.7,0.94) 0.83*(0.71,0.95)
 Retired 0.63*(0.53,0.75) 0.46*(0.34,0.62) 0.47*(0.35,0.62)
Living arrangement
 Alone Ref. Ref. Ref.
 With spouse 0.99 (0.78,1.26) 0.61*(0.46,0.79) 0.82 (0.61,1.04)
 With children 1.01 (0.82,1.25) 0.73*(0.58,0.92) 0.71*(0.57,0.89)
 Others 0.93 (0.72,1.21) 0.93 (0.69,1.24) 0.89 (0.67,1.18)
Wealth quintile
 Poorest Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Poorer 0.67*(0.58,0.79) 0.94 (0.8,1.1) 0.69*(0.59,0.81)
 Middle 0.55*(0.46,0.65) 0.76*(0.63,0.92) 0.48*(0.4,0.58)
 Richer 0.49*(0.41,0.59) 0.65*(0.52,0.8) 0.41*(0.34,0.51)
 Richest 0.52*(0.42,0.64) 0.51*(0.4,0.66) 0.28*(0.22,0.35)
Religion
 Hindu Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Muslim 1.02 (0.81,1.23) 1.16 (0.92,1.46) 1.08 (0.87,1.35)
 Sikh 1.03 (0.81,1.31) 1.08 (0.67,1.48) 1.07 (0.76,1.51)
 Others 1.11 (0.87,1.43) 0.95 (0.69,1.31) 1.11 (0.82,1.49)
Caste
 Scheduled Caste Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Scheduled Tribe 0.82 (0.65,1.04) 0.84 (0.65,1.08) 0.81 (0.64,1.04)
 Other Backward Class 1.07 (0.93,1.24) 0.79*(0.67,0.94) 0.96 (0.82,1.12)
 Others 0.95 (0.83,1.09) 0.83*(0.71,0.98) 0.81*(0.7,0.95)
Residence
 Rural Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Urban 1.01 (0.91,1.12) 0.99 (0.87,1.12) 1.17*(1.04,1.32)
State
 Himachal Pradesh Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Punjab 2.06*(1.67,2.55) 0.38*(0.27,0.54) 0.72*(0.52,0.99)
 West Bengal 3.87*(3.18,4.71) 1.92*(1.53,2.41) 4.88*(3.91,6.11)
 Orissa 0.76*(0.63,0.92) 2.34*(1.86,2.95) 2.13*(1.69,2.68)
 Maharashtra 0.73*(0.61,0.88) 1.63*(1.29,2.06) 3.31*(2.63,4.14)
 Kerala 3.01*(2.48,3.66) 1.08 (0.82,1.41) 1.36*(1.05,1.77)
 Tamil Nadu 1.23*(1.01,1.54) 5.07*(3.98,6.46) 2.77*(2.17,3.52)
 R-square 0.152 0.178 0.187
  1. Ref Reference, *if p < 0.05, SRH self-rated health, ADL Activities of Daily Living, IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, % percentage, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio