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Table 2 Percentage of older adults reporting poor SRH, low psychological health and low subjective well-being

From: Tooth loss and associated self-rated health and psychological and subjective wellbeing among community-dwelling older adults: A cross-sectional study in India

Background factors Poor SRH Low psychological health Low subjective well-being
% p < 0.05 % p < 0.05 % p < 0.05
Smoking tobacco   0.046   0.936   0.455
 No 54.8   23.7   26.9  
 Yes 57.9   22.1   25.7  
Chewing tobacco   0.032   < 0.001   < 0.001
 No 54.9   21.5   24.8  
 Yes 56.8   30.3   33.7  
Alcohol consumption   0.093   0.031   < 0.001
 No 55.5   23.7   27.4  
 Yes 53.1   19.8   18.6  
Chronic diseases   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 No 40.5   20.0   23.3  
 Yes 63.4   25.3   28.6  
Difficulty in ADL   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 High 52.9   21.2   24.5  
 Low 84.7   51.3   54.8  
Difficulty in IADL   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 High 45.5   14.4   16.1  
 Low 62.8   30.4   34.9  
Age (years)   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 60-69 49.6   19.9   23.2  
 70-79 62.2   27.0   30.0  
 80+ 70.0   34.9   38.7  
Sex   < 0.001   < 0.001   0.048
 Male 51.9   21.1   23.9  
 Female 58.3   25.5   29.3  
Marital Status   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Not in union 61.3   28.5   32.9  
 Currently in union 51.3   20.1   22.7  
Education   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 No education 61.0   30.6   35.5  
 Below 5 years 56.9   22.3   24.0  
 6-10 years 44.8   12.5   13.9  
 11+ years 41.1   8.4   10.3  
Working status (last one year)   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 No 60.7   27.1   30.4  
 Yes 47.1   19.4   23.5  
 Retired 35.8   6.2   7.0  
Living arrangement   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Alone 56.7   32.9   39.7  
 With spouse 49.9   20.7   25.8  
 With children 55.8   22.9   25.4  
 Others 60.7   26.3   30.9  
Wealth quintile   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Poorest 61.8   37.1   47.3  
 Poorer 56.0   29.6   32.4  
 Middle 53.2   19.7   21.1  
 Richer 48.5   14.7   14.7  
 Richest 55.2   9.2   9.3  
Religion   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Hindu 52.8   25.7   28.5  
 Muslim 66.3   23.1   29.9  
 Sikh 65.5   7.8   12.1  
 Others 61.4   16.3   21.6  
Caste   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Scheduled Caste 60.0   28.0   33.8  
 Scheduled Tribe 46.5   32.4   35.1  
 Other Backward Class 53.2   25.7   27.8  
 Others 56.0   17.3   20.5  
Residence   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Rural 56.9   25.1   28.3  
 Urban 50.8   18.7   22.4  
State   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Himachal Pradesh 46.0   17.0   15.1  
 Punjab 65.9   7.2   11.4  
 West Bengal 77.9   29.3   48.3  
 Orissa 47.5   37.5   35.3  
 Maharashtra 40.9   22.7   34.3  
 Kerala 67.1   13.8   14.8  
 Tamil Nadu 46.1   36.2   31.7  
  1. *if p < 0.05, % percentage, SRH self-rated health, ADL Activities of Daily Living, IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, p-value based on chi-square test