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Table 1 Socio-economic and demographic profile of older adults

From: Tooth loss and associated self-rated health and psychological and subjective wellbeing among community-dwelling older adults: A cross-sectional study in India

Background factors Sample Percentage
Tooth loss
 No 8095 87.7
 Yes 1136 12.3
Smoking tobacco
 No 7809 84.6
 Yes 1422 15.4
Chewing tobacco
 No 7228 78.3
 Yes 2003 21.7
Alcohol consumption
 No 8525 92.4
 Yes 706 7.7
Chronic diseases
 No 3268 35.4
 Yes 5963 64.6
Difficulty in ADL
 High 8541 92.5
 Low 690 7.5
Difficulty in IADL
 High 4008 43.4
 Low 5223 56.6
Age (years)
 60-69 5704 61.8
 70-79 2536 27.5
 80+ 991 10.7
Sex
 Male 4372 47.4
 Female 4859 52.6
Marital Status
 Not in union 3649 39.5
 Currently in union 5582 60.5
Education
 No education 4684 50.7
 Below 5 years 1900 20.6
 6-10 years 2086 22.6
 11+ years 562 6.1
Working status (last one year)
 No 6212 67.3
 Yes 2223 24.1
 Retired 796 8.6
Living arrangement
 Alone 547 5.9
 With spouse 1467 15.9
 With children 6493 70.3
 Others 725 7.9
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 2169 23.5
 Poorer 2029 22.0
 Middle 1913 20.7
 Richer 1720 18.6
 Richest 1399 15.2
Religion
 Hindu 7324 79.3
 Muslim 651 7.1
 Sikh 870 9.4
 Others 386 4.2
Caste
 Scheduled Caste 1911 20.7
 Scheduled Tribe 515 5.6
 Other Backward Class 3364 36.4
 Others 3441 37.3
Residence
 Rural 6827 74.0
 Urban 2404 26.0
State
 Himachal Pradesh 1471 15.9
 Punjab 1279 13.9
 West Bengal 1128 12.2
 Orissa 1454 15.8
 Maharashtra 1229 13.3
 Kerala 1341 14.5
 Tamil Nadu 1330 14.4
Total 9231 100.0
  1. ADL Activities of Daily Living, IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living