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Table 2 Characteristics of Peruvian mothers and children under 5 years by maternal adult internal migration pathway in DHS Peru 2017; N = 10,910, weighted % (N) a, b

From: Maternal internal migration and child growth and nutritional health in Peru: an analysis of the demographic and health surveys from 1991 to 2017

  Urban non-migrant Urban-urban migrant Rural-urban migrant Rural non-migrant Rural-rural migrant Urban-rural migrant Total
Child age < 6 months 8% (209) 6% (218) 8% (140) 8% (115) 8% (104) 9% (87) 7% (873)
6-12mths 12% (267) 11% (384) 11% (196) 12% (180) 12% (145) 14% (123) 12% (1295)
13-24mths 22% (548) 22% (712) 20% (331) 23% (297) 19% (213) 20% (211) 21% (2312)
25-36mths 20% (499) 22% (662) 21% (332) 20% (283) 20% (231) 21% (190) 21% (2197)
37-48mths 20% (501) 21% (664) 21% (362) 20% (274) 20% (229) 19% (193) 21% (2223)
49-60mths 18% (433) 18% (603) 19% (348) 15% (223) 20% (239) 17% (164) 18% (2010)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.037
Child birth order 1st 41% (1005) 33% (1027) 25% (410) 30% (386) 15% (182) 33% (301) 33% (3311)
2nd 32% (777) 34% (1061) 30% (502) 24% (336) 26% (289) 25% (242) 30% (3207)
3rd 16% (397) 19% (655) 22% (375) 15% (211) 19% (231) 16% (171) 18% (2040)
4th or more 10% (278) 14% (500) 23% (422) 31% (439) 39% (459) 27% (254) 19% (2352)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Maternal age 15-17 yrs 1.4% (44) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 2.6% (36) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 1.4% (44)
18-24 yrs 24.0% (613) 12.2% (446) 12.4% (206) 29.7% (394) 17.5% (206) 30.7% (261) 24.0% (613)
25-29 yrs 22.5% (614) 25.9% (852) 23.9% (429) 20.8% (298) 25.5% (274) 26.2% (257) 22.5% (614)
30-34 yrs 23.9% (558) 27.1% (857) 26.2% (426) 20.2% (265) 23.3% (277) 20.2% (213) 23.9% (558)
35-39 yrs 18.5% (412) 22.0% (682) 21.7% (389) 15.2% (219) 19.2% (230) 14.1% (143) 18.5% (412)
40-45 yrs 9.7% (216) 12.8% (406) 15.7% (259) 11.5% (160) 14.5% (174) 8.8% (94) 9.7% (216)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Maternal schooling None 0.1% (10) 0.4% (16) 2.3% (44) 5.1% (76) 7.8% (90) 1.3% (20) 1.8% (256)
Incomplete primary 1.9% (72) 3.6% (137) 15.7% (249) 28.7% (381) 35.2% (407) 15.4% (149) 11.0% (1395)
Complete primary 2.0% (92) 5.8% (180) 16.8% (287) 24.8% (316) 23.5% (262) 14.9% (130) 10.2% (1267)
  Incomplete secondary 12.7% (349) 13.9% (426) 16.6% (303) 19.9% (294) 14.2% (185) 19.3% (208) 14.9% (1765)
  Complete secondary 83.3% (1934) 76.3% (2484) 48.6% (826) 21.5% (305) 19.3% (217) 49.2% (461) 62.1% (6227)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Ethnicity Quechua 17% (467) 24% (909) 34% (403) 32% (565) 40% (562) 36% (707) 23% (3613)
Other indigenous 1% (30) 4% (155) 6% (58) 11% (186) 7% (84) 6% (149) 3% (662)
Black (Negro, Moreno, Zambo) 9% (251) 8% (241) 10% (77) 16% (168) 12% (105) 11% (137) 9% (979)
White 6% (154) 7% (204) 7% (63) 9% (94) 7% (66) 9% (127) 7% (708)
Mixed (Mestizo) 62% (1437) 51% (1610) 39% (320) 17% (213) 18% (208) 29% (469) 53% (4257)
Other 2% (37) 1% (34) 0.2% (1) 1% (12) 2% (11) 2% (21) 2% (116)
Don’t know 4% (134) 4% (169) 5% (71) 14% (143) 9% (145) 9% (126) 5% (788)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Type of area of current residence Capital/large city 79% (1290) 34% (383) 22% (133) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) 39% (1806)
Small city 9% (486) 29% (1395) 27% (599) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) 14% (2480)
Town 13% (681) 37% (1465) 51% (977) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) 20% (3123)
Countryside 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) 100% (1372) 100% (1161) 100% (968) 27% (3501)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Geographic region of current residence Metropolitan Lima 79% (1290) 34% (383) 22% (133) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) 39% (1806)
Coast (excluding Lima) 14% (645) 30% (1190) 28% (507) 18% (198) 12% (108) 18% (127) 20% (2775)
Highlands 4% (265) 20% (810) 36% (627) 59% (797) 60% (651) 43% (422) 26% (3572)
Amazon Jungle 3% (257) 16% (860) 14% (442) 23% (377 23% (402) 39% (419) 15% (2757)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Child timing of birth Before/during maternal migration 23% (842) 20% (358) 24% (266) 35% (326) 24% (1792)
After maternal migration 77% (2401) 80% (1351) 76% (895) 65% (642) 76% (5289)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Time in current place of residence (migrants only) 5 years or less 50% (1719) 43% (751) 49% (569) 65% (614) 36% (2457)
6 to 10 years 25% (790) 30% (505) 27% (316) 21% (207) 25% (3243)
11 to 15 years 14% (422) 15% (260) 14% (161) 7% (79) 12% (1709)
16 to 20 years 9% (242) 8% (138) 8% (91) 6% (56) 9% (1372)
21 or more years 3% (70) 3% (55) 3% (24) 1% (12) 7% (1161)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Total 36% (2457) 25% (3243) 12% (1709) 12% (1372) 9% (1161) 7% (968) 100% (10910)
  1. Footnotes: a DHS survey-specific weights applied; b Sample covariate missing data (N): none