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Table 2 Spatial regression model for estimating the spatial association between delivery conducted by SBA by background factors among women in India, (N = 640)

From: Spatial inequalities in skilled birth attendance in India: a spatial-regional model approach

Predictors Delivery conducted by SBA
OLS (Coef. (p-value)) SLM (Coef. (p-value)) SEM (Coef. (p-value))
Educated − 0.089 (0.015) −0.079 (0.028) 0.062 (0.136)
Mass media exposure 0.239 (0.000) 0.234 (0.000) 0.252 (0.000)
Four or more ANC 0.217 (0.000) 0.197 (0.000) 0.252 (0.000)
First birth order 0.520 (0.000) 0.489 (0.000) 0.611 (0.000)
Female headed HH 0.130 (0.022) 0.171 (0.002) 0.137 (0.029)
SC/ST −0.092 (0.000) −0.084 (0.000) −0.034 (0.111)
Non-Hindu −0.100 (0.000) −0.082 (0.000) − 0.052 (0.008)
Poor −0.016 (0.591) 0.005 (0.864) 0.045 (0.185)
Rural 0.015 (0.496) 0.006 (0.784) 0.044 (0.044)
N 640 640 640
ρ   0.140 (0.000)  
Lamda    0.739 (0.000)
AIC 4713.6 4691.1 4483.9
Adjusted R square 0.68 0.69 0.81
  1. AIC: Akaike information criterion, OLS: Ordinary least-square, SLM: Spatial lag model, SEM: Spatial error model, SBA: skilled birth attendant, ANC: antenatal care, HH: household, SC/ST: Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe; Coef: Coefficient