Skip to main content

Table 3 B-SAFER risk and vulnerability factors before and during the COVID-19 lockdown

From: Intimate partner violence during COVID-19 lockdown in Norway: the increase of police reports

B-SAFER item Before lockdown (Jan 2016—February 2020) During lockdown (March—December 2020)  
  Present Total N of responses % Present Total N of responses % Pb
Perpetrator risk factors
 Violent acts, current 550 725 76 169 222 76 1.000
 Violent acts, in the past 537 701 77 168 207 81 0.184
 Violent threats or thoughts, current 294 697 42 91 190 48 0.563
 Violent threats or thoughts, in the past 311 616 50 72 175 41 0.032
 Escalation, current 315 673 47 113 197 57 0.010
 Escalation, in the past 250 634 39 94 183 51 0.005
 Violation of court orders, current 58 726 8 18 226 8 1.000
 Violation of court orders, in the past 51 723 7 10 225 4 0.212
 Violent attitudes, current 396 578 69 107 165 65 0.396
 Violent attitudes, in the past 276 497 56 68 132 52 0.432
Psychosocial adjustment
 General criminality, current 215 724 30 80 226 35 0.118
 General criminality, in the past 467 721 65 153 223 69 0.333
 Intimate relationship problems, current 450 619 73 152 184 83 0.007
 Intimate relationship problems, in the pasta 356 570 62 140 175 80 0.000
 Employment problems, current 261 602 43 90 182 49 0.149
 Employment problems, in the past 205 549 37 74 171 43 0.178
 Substance use problems, current 308 582 53 112 185 61 0.075
 Substance use problems, in the past 328 584 56 120 187 64 0.610
 Mental health problems, current 238 409 58 88 130 68 0.640
 Mental health problems, in the past 212 381 56 85 130 65 0.064
Victim vulnerability factors
 Inconsistent behavior/ attitude, current 383 701 55 129 211 61 0.097
 Extreme fear, current 251 642 39 91 196 46 0.690
 Inadequate access to resources, current 188 615 31 69 191 36 0.156
 Unsafe living situation, currenta 384 649 59 161 220 73 0.000
 Personal problems, currenta 332 603 55 139 204 68 0.001
  1. aSignificant with α < 5% with Bonferroni correction
  2. bTwo-sided Fischer’s exact test