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Table 2 The Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER)

From: Intimate partner violence during COVID-19 lockdown in Norway: the increase of police reports

Perpetrator risk factors

Psychosocial adjustment

Victim vulnerability factors

Violent acts

General criminality

Inconsistent behavior/attitude

Violent threats or thoughts

Intimate relationship problems

Extreme fear


Employment problems

Inadequate access to resources

Violation of court orders

Substance use problems

Unsafe living situation

Violent attitudes

Mental health problems

Personal problems