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Table 2 Mean differences of mental-health indicators according to categories of independent variables

From: Family aspects, physical fitness, and physical activity associated with mental-health indicators in adolescents

  Stress Depression Trait anxiety State anxiety Happiness HRQL Subjective wellness
Variables Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Sex        
Boys 7.8 (3.8)*a 2.6 (2.8)*a 10.7 (3.0)*a 12.2 (2.7)*a 4.8 (1.0) 77.4 (10.9)*a 97.0 (17.8)*a
Girls 8.9 (3.9) 3.8 (3.3) 11.6 (3.3) 13.7 (2.9) 4.7 (1.2) 71.0 (11.7) 92.0 (22.8)
Location        
Rural 7.2 (3.7)*a 2.1 (2.5)*a 11.1 (2.9) 12.8 (2.6) 4.8 (1.0) 75.3 (11.9) 98.0 (21.6)*a
Urban 8.7 (3.9) 3.4 (3.2) 11.2 (3.3) 13.0 (3.0) 4.8 (1.1) 73.7 (11.7) 93.5 (20.5)
Family Affluence Scale (tertiles)        
First 8.5 (3.9) 3.0 (3.1) 11.1 (2.9) 13.1 (2.9) 4.8 (1.1) 73.2 (12.0) 94.4 (20.1)
Second 8.5 (4.0) 3.2 (3.1) 11.1 (3.2) 13.0 (2.9) 4.8 (1.1) 73.6 (11.5) 93.2 (21.96)
Third 8.2 (3.7) 3.4 (3.3) 11.3 (3.5) 12.9 (3.0) 4.7 (1.1) 75.2 (11.9) 95.4 (19.0)
Family structure        
Other 9.7 (3.6)*b 3.8 (3.4) 11.7 (4.0) 13.5 (2.8) 4.6 (1.1) 71.4 (12.8)*b 94.0 (25.5)
Single parent 8.8 (4.0) 3.0 (3.0) 11.3 (3.3) 13.0 (3.0) 4.8 (1.1) 73.3 (11.7) 93.0 (21.2)
Nuclear 8.1 (3.8) 3.2 (3.2) 11.1 (3.1) 13.0 (2.9) 4.8 (1.1) 74.6 (11.6) 94.7 (20.0)
Overweight        
No 8.4 (3.9) 3.2 (3.2) 11.2 (3.2) 12.9 (2.9) 4.8 (1.1) 74.1 (11.7) 94.8 (20.1)
Yes 8.7 (3.8) 3.4 (3.2) 11.2 (3.4) 13.4 (3.1) 4.8 (1.2) 73.5 (12.3) 91.3 (23.4)
  1. HRQL: Health-related quality of life. * Differences statistically significant
  2. a Mean differences tested with independent samples T-Tests. b Mean differences tested with one-way ANOVA