|Realist review - Pawson and Tilley ||Problem representation – Bacchi |
• Programme theory|
o Identification of the programme theory as a basis for understanding the intended policy pathway
• What is the ‘problem’ represented to be?|
o How does the policy represent the problem under investigation?
o How has this representation come about?
o ‘The problem’ can be inferred from the proposed ‘solution’.
o How (if at all) does the policy conceptualise the social systems in which the policies are being delivered?
• Open systems
o How (if at all) are externalities understood, identified and addressed in the policy?
o How (if at all) is agency understood, identified and addressed in the policy?
• Assumptions underpinning the representation of the problem|
o What are the presuppositions/ assumptions that underlie the representation and its concepts and categories?
• Effects of problem representation
o What effects are produced by this representation of the ‘problem’?
• Inequalities focus|
o How are inequalities addressed in the policy? What inequalities are addressed? How so the proposed pathways to change claim to reduce inequalities?
• What is left unproblematic and how might the policy response differ|
o What is left unproblematic in this problem representation? Where are the silences?
o Can the ‘problem’ be conceptualized differently?
o What is left out of the problem representation?