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Table 3 Estimated annual direct and indirect costs (million €) associated with varicella in Europe in absence of UVV

From: Economic burden of varicella in Europe in the absence of universal varicella vaccination

Country   Total costs Direct costs Indirect costs
Annual
Cases
Mean
(M€)
Min
(M€)
Max
(M€)
Mean (M€) Min
(M€)
Max
(M€)
Mean
(M€)
Min
(M€)
Max
(M€)
Austria 87,629 9.44 7.76 11.11 3.55 3.06 4.04 5.88 4.70 7.07
Belgium 126,859 8.66 8.22 9.10 3.62 3.22 4.02 5.04 5.00 5.08
Bulgaria 68,333 2.61 2.16 3.05 1.35 1.16 1.54 1.25 1.00 1.51
Croatia 40,580 2.23 1.84 2.63 1.03 0.88 1.17 1.21 0.96 1.45
Cyprus 9126 0.65 0.56 0.74 0.26 0.23 0.28 0.39 0.33 0.46
Czechia 113,658 7.31 6.04 8.57 3.24 2.79 3.69 4.07 3.25 4.89
Denmark 63,557 7.23 6.39 8.07 2.58 2.36 2.80 4.65 4.03 5.27
Estonia 14,709 1.01 0.84 1.19 0.46 0.39 0.52 0.56 0.45 0.67
Finlanda 56,373 5.09 4.50 5.67 2.08 1.87 2.29 3.01 2.62 3.39
France 794,533 174.58 49.37 299.79 41.40 26.12 56.69 133.18 23.25 243.10
Germanya 761,182 151.91 43.01 260.82 28.57 20.56 36.58 123.34 22.44 224.24
Greecea 104,441 8.79 6.84 10.73 3.56 2.93 4.19 5.23 3.91 6.54
Hungarya 96,068 4.03 3.24 4.81 0.96 0.80 1.12 3.07 2.44 3.69
Icelanda 4330 0.51 0.46 0.56 0.20 0.19 0.22 0.31 0.28 0.34
Ireland 63,328 7.74 6.87 8.60 2.10 1.94 2.26 5.63 4.93 6.33
Italya 542,700 75.09 28.30 121.89 32.01 19.51 44.52 43.08 8.79 77.37
Latviaa 21,088 1.21 1.01 1.42 0.55 0.48 0.63 0.66 0.53 0.79
Lithuania 29,903 1.62 1.35 1.89 0.74 0.64 0.83 0.88 0.71 1.05
Luxembourga 6479 0.98 0.87 1.09 0.22 0.20 0.24 0.75 0.66 0.84
Malta 4944 0.41 0.36 0.46 0.17 0.15 0.18 0.24 0.21 0.28
Netherlands 173,107 9.43 4.77 14.08 3.18 2.55 3.81 6.25 2.22 10.27
Norway 61,286 7.81 6.85 8.77 3.14 2.86 3.43 4.67 4.00 5.34
Poland 396,449 22.80 22.39 23.21 12.78 12.41 13.14 10.03 9.99 10.07
Portugal 89,252 6.67 5.79 7.54 2.70 2.44 2.96 3.97 3.36 4.58
Romania 200,340 4.55 4.44 4.65 2.48 2.38 2.57 2.07 2.06 2.07
Slovakia 58,699 3.40 2.85 3.95 1.45 1.27 1.63 1.95 1.58 2.32
Slovenia 21,331 1.75 1.52 1.99 0.60 0.54 0.66 1.15 0.98 1.33
Spaina 450,617 48.14 21.76 74.52 30.52 7.69 53.35 17.62 14.08 21.17
Sweden 120,826 15.11 13.18 17.03 4.53 3.96 5.09 10.58 9.22 11.95
Switzerland 85,150 8.69 7.74 9.64 3.71 3.41 4.01 4.97 4.32 5.62
United King. 788,581 63.15 38.24 88.05 35.31 15.79 54.84 27.83 22.45 33.21
TOTAL 5,455,459 662.59 309.55 1015.63 229.08 144.81 313.34 433.52 164.74 702.29
  1. aUVV as of 2021