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Table 2 Household SWM practices and perceptions among respondents (N = 338).

From: Household solid waste management practices and perceptions among residents in the East Coast of Malaysia

Variable Description Frequency Percentage Pearson chi-square (p-value)
Respondents’ practice waste segregation at home Yes 170 50.3 0.12 (0.91)
No 168 49.7  
Respondents’ practices: Type of waste disposed by respondents Food 251 74.3 656.56 (< 0.001)
Bottles 19 5.6  
Plastic 62 18.3  
Others 5 1.5  
Missing 1 0.3  
Respondents’ practices: Who normally carries the household waste to the allocated bin provided by the local authority Own self 255 75.4 460.75 (< 0.001)
Children 17 5.0  
Paid collector 32 9.5  
Others 34 10.1  
Respondents’ perceptions that appropriate waste disposal site is provided by the local authority Yes 323 95.6 280.66 (< 0.001)
No 15 4.4  
Respondents’ perceptions on the importance of proper waste management Important 337 99.7 -
Missing 1 0.3  
Respondents’ perceptions toward who is responsible to clean the residential area The residence 211 62.4 441.85 (< 0.001)
Community 38 11.2  
District council 82 24.3  
Private waste operator 5 1.5  
Missing 2 .6  
Respondents’ perceptions on improper waste management contribute to disease occurrence Yes 324 95.9 594.68 (< 0.001)
No 9 2.7  
Not sure 5 1.5  
Respondents’ perceptions of disease that may relate to improper waste management Malaria 74 21.9 188.24 (< 0.001)
Typhoid 21 6.2  
Diarrhea 103 30.5  
Others 138 40.8  
Missing 2 .6  
Respondents’ perceptions: How many respondents have knowledge/awareness about proper waste disposal? Yes 314 92.9 248.82 (< 0.001)
No 24 7.1  
Respondents’ perceptions: Element that motivates the household occupants to dispose waste properly Cleanliness 275 81.4 352.80 (< 0.001)
Fear of illness 42 12.4  
Odor 21 6.2