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Table 1 Sociodemographic profile, experience of spousal coercive control, and forms of intimate partner violence for 66, 013 ever-married women aged 15-49 years, India, 2015–16

From: Predictors of spousal coercive control and its association with intimate partner violence evidence from National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-2016) India

Demographic profile N (%)
Marital status
 Currently married 62716 (95)
 Widowed/Separated/Divorced   3297 (5)
Age (Years)
 15–24 10489 (16)
 25–34 27568 (42)
 35–49 27956 (42)
Number of living children
 0   6136 (9)
 1 12610 (19)
 2 22842 (35)
 3+ 24425 (37)
Education
 No education 22028 (34)
 Primary   9669 (14)
 Secondary 28187 (43)
 Higher   6129 (9)
Women employment
 Not working 49355 (75)
 Currently working 16658 (25)
Husband education
 No education 12776 (19)
 Primary   9854 (15)
 Secondary 34597 (53)
 Higher   8579 (13)
Husband’s occupation
 Not employed   2674 (4)
 Non-agriculture 20849 (32)
 Agriculture 22363 (34)
 Skilled and unskilled manual 19399 (30)
Husband consume alcohol/drug 20891 (32)
Place of residence
  Urban 19469 (29)
  Rural 46544 (71)
Caste
  Scheduled caste 11686 (19)
  Scheduled tribe 12108 (19)
  Other backward castes 25574 (41)
  General caste 13449 (21)
Religion
  Hindu 49546 (75)
  Muslim   8614 (13)
  Other religion   7814 (12)
Wealth index
  Poorest 12838 (20)
  Poorer 13992 (21)
  Middle 13790 (21)
  Richer 13142 (20)
  Richest 12251 (19)
Any coercive control by spouse 31448 (48)
 Husband/partner jealous if respondent talks with other men 16320 (25)
 Husband/partner does not trust the respondent with money 15307 (23)
 Husband/partner insists on knowing where the respondent is 12971 (20)
 Husband/partner does not permit the respondent to meet female friends 12776 (19)
 Husband/partner tries to limit the respondent’s contact with the family   9457 (14)
 Husband/partner accuses respondent of unfaithfulness   5268 (8)
Any intimate partner violence (emotional, physical, sexual) in past 12 months 16674 (25)
 Emotional IPV   6944 (11)
 Physical IPV 14158 (22)
 Sexual IPV   3581 (5)
All 66013 (100)