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Table 3 Differences in students (N = 425) and their parents (N = 427) pretest and posttest scores on HIV/AIDS, obesity, nutrition, physical activity and communication subscales

From: Effectiveness of a pre-adolescent inter-generational intervention to address HIV and obesity in South Africa, using a pretest-posttest design

Subscale Student Parent
Pretest (N = 425)
Mean (SD)
Posttest (N = 425)
Mean (SD)
P-value Pretest (N = 427)
Mean (SD)
Posttest (N = 427)
Mean (SD)
P-value
HIV/AIDS
 Knowledge about HIV/AIDS 8.04 (3.10) 10.1 (2.70) < 0.01* 10.32 (2.80) 11.0 (2.50) < 0.01*
 Attitude to openness about status 1.85 (0.95) 1.92 (0.95) 0.21 1.94 (0.93) 2.03 (0.94) 0.09
 Perception of stigma in community 2.19 (0.83) 2.25 (0.79) < 0.01* 2.44 (0.78) 2.43 (0.79) 0.69
 Perceived risk about contracting HIV/AIDS 1.98 (0.86) 1.93 (0.86) 0.31 1.73 (0.86) 1.74 (0.86) 0.96
 Exposure to HIV/AIDS education 2.36 (0.87) 2.84 (0.50) < 0.01*    
 Behavioural intention to test for HIV     2.64 (0.71) 2.70 (0.64) 0.11
Obesity
 Awareness about obesity 1.93 (0.92) 2.78 (0.57) < 0.01* 2.47 (0.82) 2.81 (0.54) < 0.01*
 Awareness about BMI 1.40 (0.68) 2.56 (0.75) < 0.01* 1.87 (0.91) 2.61 (0.72) < 0.01*
 Skill (Measuring and interpreting BMI) 1.38 (0.66) 2.32 (0.86) < 0.01* 1.69 (0.88) 2.40 (0.83) < 0.01*
Nutrition
 Perceived importance of nutrition to health 2.65 (0.65) 2.62 (0.69) 0.41 2.67 (0.62) 2.67 (0.65) 0.41
 Awareness about food labels 2.15 (0.88) 2.83 (0.50) < 0.01* 2.25 (0.88) 2.81 (0.52) < 0.01*
 Skill (Interpreting a food label) 2.02 (0.90) 2.78 (0.56) < 0.01* 2.21 (0.88) 2.76 (0.58) < 0.01*
Physical Activity
 Attitude to importance of physical activity for health 4.44 (1.03) 4.45 (1.04) 0.94 4.34 (1.02) 4.47 (0.98) 0.03
 Awareness about pulse rate 1.60 (0.82) 2.59 (0.76) < 0.01* 2.17 (0.91) 2.74 (0.60) < 0.01*
 Skill (Measuring pulse rate) 1.42 (0.70) 2.43 (0.81) < 0.01* 1.82 (0.89) 2.44 (0.80) < 0.01*
Communication
 Behaviour in communicating about adolescent issues 16.5 (4.9) 16.7 (4.8) 0.42 16.5 (5.0) 17.1 (5.0) 0.02*
  1. * Statistically significant