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Table 2 Binary logistic regression results on residential status and hypertension in Ghana

From: Rural-urban variation in hypertension among women in Ghana: insights from a national survey

Variable Model I Model II
  OR 95% CI aOR 95% CI
Place of residence
 Urban 1 [1,1] 1 [1,1]
 Rural 0.59*** [0.52,0.67] 0.84 [0.70,1.00]
Age
 15–19    0.074*** [0.05,0.11]
 20–24    0.10*** [0.07,0.13]
 25–29    0.17*** [0.13,0.22]
 30–34    0.28*** [0.23,0.36]
 35–39    0.46*** [0.37,0.56]
 40–44    0.61*** [0.50,0.75]
 45–49    1 [1,1]
Wealth quintile
 Poorest    0.63** [0.45,0.89]
 Poorer    0.73* [0.55,0.98]
 Middle    0.83 [0.66,1.05]
 Richer    0.80* [0.65,0.98]
 Richest    1 [1,1]
Marital Status
 Single    0.66* [0.46,0.97]
 Married    0.71* [0.52,0.98]
 Cohabiting    0.71 [0.50,1.00]
 Widowed    0.81 [0.54,1.23]
 Divorced    1 [1,1]
 Separated    0.80 [0.53,1.19]
Education
 No education    0.94 [0.68,1.31]
 Primary    1.12 [0.82,1.54]
 Secondary    1.05 [0.79,1.39]
 Higher    1 [1,1]
Occupation
 Not working    1.14 [0.89,1.48]
 Agriculture    0.84 [0.66,1.08]
 Manual    1 [1,1]
 Service    1.13 [0.93,1.39]
Region of residence
 Western    1.70** [1.18,2.47]
 Central    1.51* [1.04,2.20]
 Greater Accra    2.17*** [1.50,3.13]
 Volta    1.95*** [1.35,2.82]
 Eastern    1.50* [1.03,2.17]
 Ashanti    1.92*** [1.34,2.76]
 Brong Ahafo    1.68** [1.16,2.41]
 Northern    1.29 [0.89,1.87]
 Upper East    1.13 [0.77,1.66]
 Upper West    1 [1,1]
 pseudo R2 0.010   0.123  
N 9333   9333  
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets, OR = Odd Ratio, aOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001, 1 = Reference categorys
  2. Source: 2014 GDHS