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Table 1 Contextual variables associated with excess all-cause mortality in mainland France by age group (OLS models)

From: Spatial determinants of excess all-cause mortality during the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic in France

  50–74 years old > 74 years old
β Coefficient a 95% Confidence Interval p-value β Coefficient 95% Confidence Interval p-value
FDEP 6.56 [−4.34; 17.46] 0.24 15.46 [0.86; 30.07] 0.041
Deprivation heterogeneity 3.03 [−0.04; 6.09] 0.056 5.83 [1.72; 9.94] 0.007
Urbanization 15.33 [10.95; 19.70] < 0.001 18.24 [12.38; 24.10] < 0.001
Work-related mobility 4.62 [1.68; 7.57] 0.003 3.59 [−0.36; 7.54] 0.078
Morbidity 0.24 [−0.18; 0.67] 0.26 0.79 [0.22; 1.36] 0.008
Supply of primary healthcare providers −8.10 [−11.47; −4.73] < 0.001 − 8.27 [− 12.78; −3.76] < 0.001
Supply of pharmacists −3.70 [−6.65; −0.76] 0.016 −1.73 [− 5.68; 2.21] 0.39
R2 0.70 0.71
Adjusted R2 0.68 0.68
AICc 786.59 842.76
  1. aa 1-point increase in FDEP yields a 6.56-point increase in all-cause excess mortality in the 50–74 yrs. age group