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Table 2 Characteristics of proximal stunting determinants (diet and disease) among rural, urban poor, and urban non-poor children (0-59 months) in pooled sample

From: Understanding urban inequalities in children’s linear growth outcomes: a trend and decomposition analysis of 39,049 children in Bangladesh (2000-2018)

  Rural Urban Poor Urban Non-Poor p-value
Diet
 Exclusive breastfeeding (0-5 months)a N=2515
69.3%
N=193
66.9%
N=527
69.1%
0.812
 Continued breastfeeding at 1 year (12-15 months)b N=2245
97.0%
N=144
94.6%
N=467
90.5%
<0.001
 Introducing complementary foods (6-8 months)c N=1365
67.6%
N=102
66.3%
N=311
74.1%
0.093
 Minimum meal frequency (breastfed children, 6-23 months)d N=7552
70.2%
N=553
70.1%
N=1627
74.6%
0.008
 Minimum dietary diversity (6-23 months)e N=7973
33.0%
N=591
31.8%
N=1833
44.2%
<0.001
Disease
 Had fever in last 2 weeks (0-59 months)f N=30594
37.9%
N=2204
40.4%
N=6534
32.9%
<0.001
 Had diarrhea in last 2 weeks (6-23 months)f N=9518
10.2%
N=703
10.8%
N=2041
9.2%
0.670
  1. Notes: Weighted percentages; sample includes all children with valid anthropometirc data regardless of living with mother and excludes missing values
  2. aFed only breast milk in the last 24 hours; variable not calculated for 2004 and 2000 waves. bChildren 12-15 months fed breast milk the previous day. cChildren 6-8 months that ate any solid, semi-solid, or soft foods the previous day; variable not calculated for 2000 wave. dMinimum number of times child received anything to eat (solid, semi-solid, or soft foods) aside from breast milk the previous day (6-8 months: 2 or more times; 9-23 months: 3 or more times); variable not calculated for 2000 wave. eChildren 6-23 months that had foods from at least 5 out of 8 food groups the previous day; the food groups are: breastmilk; grains, roots, and tubers; legumes and nuts; dairy products; flesh foods; eggs; vitamin A-rich fruits and vegetables; and other fruits and vegetables. fChild is considered to have had a recent case of fever or diarrhea if the mother reported the illness occurred in last two weeks before survey