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Table 2 Unadjusted univariate multilevel model and adjusted multivariate multilevel models for COVID-19 patients in the Western U.S. in 2020

From: Major disparities in COVID-19 test positivity for patients with non-English preferred language even after accounting for race and social factors in the United States in 2020

  Model A Model B Model C
OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Language 3.07 2.92, 3.22 < 0.001 2.25 2.12, 2.39 < 0.001 2.19 2.06, 2.33 < 0.001
Age     1.00 1.00, 1.00 0.1322 1.00 1.00, 1.00 0.0505
Race/Ethnicity
 American Indian/Alaska Native     1.52 1.18, 1.97 0.0013 1.52 1.17, 1.96 0.0015
 Asian     1.35 1.23, 1.48 < 0.001 1.33 1.21, 1.46 < 0.001
 Black/African American     1.91 1.74, 2.10 < 0.001 1.82 1.65, 2.00 < 0.001
 Hispanic     2.95 2.78, 3.12 < 0.001 2.87 2.71, 3.04 < 0.001
 Multiracial     1.27 1.10, 1.46 0.0008 1.27 1.11, 1.46 0.0007
 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander     3.06 2.53, 3.69 < 0.001 2.98 2.71, 3.04 < 0.001
 Other     1.78 1.61, 1.95 < 0.001 1.76 1.59, 1.93 < 0.001
 White     ref ref
SVI Domain: Socioeconomic        1.09 0.98, 1.20 0.1001
SVI Domain: Housing and Transportation        1.19 1.09, 1.30 0.0001
R2    0.04    0.08    0.08