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Table 1 Study Population Demographics, Healthcare, and, SVI in the Western U.S. in 2020

From: Major disparities in COVID-19 test positivity for patients with non-English preferred language even after accounting for race and social factors in the United States in 2020

  Preferred EnglishN = 150,198 Preferred language that is not EnglishN = 14,170
N % N %
Agea (years) 51.4 19.5 56.1 19.5
Sex
 Female 85,674 57.1% 7840 55.4%
 Male 64,494 42.9% 6316 44.6%
Race & Ethnicity
 American Indian/Alaska Native 1010 0.7% 6 0.0%
 Asian 5637 3.8% 1526 10.8%
 Black/African American 5916 3.9% 186 1.3%
 Hispanic 14,622 9.7% 6318 44.6%
 Multiracial 3596 2.4% 171 1.2%
 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 833 0.6% 117 0.8%
 Other 4770 3.2% 859 6.1%
 White 101,535 67.6% 1359 9.6%
Missingb 12,279 8.2% 3628 25.6%
State
 California 41,415 27.6% 7139 50.4%
 Oregon 35,780 23.8% 3289 23.2%
 Washington 73,003 48.6% 3742 26.4%
Symptomaticc at testing 81,085 54.0% 7622 53.8%
Payer Type
 Commercial 56,168 37.4% 2812 19.8%
 Medicaid 19,585 13.0% 2865 20.2%
 Medicare 37,094 24.7% 3712 26.2%
 Other Insurance 4592 3.1% 574 4.1%
 Self-Pay 32,759 21.8% 4207 29.7%
Encounter Setting
 Emergency Department 36,478 24.3% 3078 21.7%
 Inpatient 31,109 20.7% 4318 30.5%
 Other 47,263 31.5% 3759 26.5%
 Outpatient 8463 5.6% 618 4.4%
 Virtual 26,885 17.9% 2397 16.9%
SVI Domain: Socioeconomica 0.40 0.26 0.53 0.29
SVI Domain: Housing and Transportationa 0.56 0.29 0.62 0.30
  1. amean and standard deviation
  2. bincludes declined/unknown
  3. cdefined as reporting any of the following symptoms: cough, shortness of breath, fever, sore throat, rhinorrhea, nausea or vomiting, headache, myalgia, chills, wheezing