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Table 3 All-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality in relation to the type of alcoholic beverages

From: Alcohol consumption in relation to cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality in an elderly male Chinese population

  Non-drinkers Current drinkers
Beer/wine Aperitif Liquor/mix
Number of participants 843 147/56 273 142
Number of person-years 4429 834/319 1424 748
Ethanol intake (g/week) 210 (182–420) 504 (252–630) 600 (280–840)
All-cause mortality
 Number of deaths 100 10 30 21
 Rate per 1000 person-years 22.6 8.7 21.1 28.1
 Age-adjusted HR (95% CI) 1 0.53 (0.28–1.02) 1.04 (0.69–1.57) 1.52 (0.95–2.44)
 Multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI) 1 0.53 (0.27–1.06) 1.00 (0.60–1.67) 1.50 (0.82–2.72)
Cardiovascular mortality
 Number of deaths 53 2 13 10
 Rate per 1000 person-years 12.0 1.7 9.1 13.4
 Age-adjusted HR (95% CI) 1 0.23 (0.06–0.94) 0.87 (0.47–1.59) 1.46 (0.74–2.88)
 Multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI) 1 0.36 (0.08–1.56) 1.50 (0.69–3.30) 3.23 (1.24–8.39)
Non-cardiovascular mortality
 Number of deaths 47 8 17 11
 Rate per 1000 person-years 10.6 6.9 11.9 14.7
 Age-adjusted HR (95% CI) 1 0.80 (0.38–1.70) 1.22 (0.70–2.12) 1.59 (0.82–3.06)
 Multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI) 1 0.71 (0.32–1.56) 0.90 (0.46–1.77) 1.23 (0.58–2.64)
  1. The multivariate analyses were adjusted for age, body-mass index, current smoking, serum total cholesterol and triglycerides, fasting plasma glucose, total alcohol consumption (ethanol intake per week) and the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus at baseline
  2. CI: confidence interval; HR: hazard ratio