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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants by alcohol intake (n = 1702)

From: Alcohol consumption in relation to cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality in an elderly male Chinese population

Characteristics Non-drinkers (n = 843) Past drinkers
(n = 241)
Current drinkers (n = 618)
Light-to-moderate
(n = 241)
Heavy
(n = 377)
Age, years 69.2 ± 7.4 69.3 ± 7.0 67.8 ± 7.0* 67.4 ± 6.6*
Body mass index, kg/m2 23.4 ± 3.5 23.5 ± 3.6 23.4 ± 3.1 23.8 ± 3.5
Waist circumference, cm 80.5 ± 9.4 81.2 ± 9.8 81.4 ± 9.7 81.9 ± 10.0
Central obesity, n (%) 150 (17.8) 48 (19.9) 45 (18.7) 88 (23.3)*
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 136.7 ± 19.6 135.7 ± 19.6 138.7 ± 19.4 142.9 ± 19.8*
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 80.5 ± 10.8 80.2 ± 10.5 82.2 ± 11.2 83.9 ± 11.0*
Pulse rate, beats/min 74.9 ± 11.8 74.6 ± 12.4 74.3 ± 12.1 74.0 ± 11.8
Fasting plasma glucose, mmol/l 5.24 ± 1.09 5.31 ± 1.09 5.19 ± 0.74 5.36 ± 1.15
Serum total cholesterol, mmol/l 5.38 ± 1.42 5.52 ± 1.42 5.47 ± 1.35 5.55 ± 1.46
Serum triglycerides, mmol/l 1.55 (1.17–1.70) 1.56 (1.16–1.72) 1.55 (1.10–1.72) 1.58 (1.14–1.83)
Current smoking, n (%) 413 (49.0) 109 (45.2) 146 (60.6)* 256 (67.9)*
Hypertension, n (%) 480 (56.9) 159 (66.0)* 154 (63.9)* 239 (63.4)*
Use of antihypertensive drugs, n (%) 318 (37.7) 131 (54.4)* 90 (37.3) 123 (32.6)*
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 67 (8.0) 22 (9.1) 12 (5.0) 29 (7.7)
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviations, median (interquartile range) or number of participants (% of column total)
  2. *P ≤ 0.05 vs. non-drinkers