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Table 1 The distribution of respondents related to socio-demographic characteristics and health insurance coverage (n = 4278)

From: Association between health insurance enrolment and maternal health care service utilization among women in Ethiopia

Variable Categories Maternal health insurance Chi-square
p-value
Not insured (%) Insured (%)
Age 15–19 305 (6.60) 7(4.60) 0.006
20–24 905 (20.90) 22 (12.0)
25–34 2425 (60.8) 134 (64.0)
35–49 444 (11.80) 36 (19.30
Educational status No education 2185 (57.30) 110 (66.9) 0.042
Primary 1258 (31.50) 44 (22.60)
Secondary 416 (7.30) 21 (5.10)
Higher 220 (3.90) 24 (5.30)
Marital status Never in union 52 (1.2) 4(1.60) 0.009
Currently in union 3653 (91.0) 184 (95.0)
Formerly in union 374 (7.80) 11 (3.40)
Residence Urban 1055 (16.0) 55 (16.70 0.86
Rural 3024 (84.0) 144 (83.30)
Wealth index Poorest 1126 (18.10) 15 (6.0) 0.008
Poorer 633 (19.8) 31 (18.60)
Middle 603 (21.40) 49(27.0)
Richer 541 (19.60) 40 (27.30)
Richest 1176 (21.0) 64 (21.10)
Occupation Not Working 2170 (51.60) 54 (31.20) 0.001
Working 1909 (48.40) 145 (68.80)
Media access No 2446 (63.10) 96 (55.10) 0.097
Yes 1633 (36.90) 103 (44.90)
Distance Big problem 2014 (54.40) 65 (38.60) 0.003
Not a big problem 2065 (45.60) 134 (61.40)
Pregnancy intension Then 3272 (76.10) 150 (74.60) 0.868
Later 537 (15.60) 32 (15.80)
No more 270 (8.40) 17 (9.60)
Parity One 1424 (31.60) 46 (20.10) 0.006
2–4 1472 (36.60) 80 (39.80)
> = 5 1183 (31.80) 73 (40.10)