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Table 3 Logistic regression estimates for testing HIV positive among currently married women in India aged 15–49 years

From: Association of intimate partner violence and other risk factors with HIV infection among married women in India: evidence from National Family Health Survey 2015–16

Background variables Model 1 Model 2
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
IPV
 No Ref.  
 Yes 2.140** (1.018–4.500)  
Alcoholic husband
 No Ref.  
 Yes 2.333*** (1.566–3.476)  
No. of lifetime partner
 One Ref. Ref.
 More than one 2.248** (1.213–4.166) 2.246** (1.212–4.163)
Ever used condom/nirodh
 Yes Ref. Ref.
 No 1.296 (0.689–2.437) 1.299 (0.691–2.443)
Sexually active
 Yes Ref. Ref.
 No 1.785*** (1.209–2.635) 1.789*** (1.212–2.642)
Age group
 15–24 Ref. Ref.
 25–29 1.401 (0.654–3.000) 1.400 (0.654–2.999)
 30–34 2.111** (1.004–4.441) 2.112** (1.004–4.442)
 35–39 2.294** (1.065–4.941) 2.295** (1.066–4.943)
 40–49 1.302 (0.583–2.908) 1.300 (0.582–2.904)
Number of children alive
 No Ref. Ref.
 Single 1.036 (0.492–2.183) 1.038 (0.493–2.187)
 More than one 0.700 (0.344–1.423) 0.700 (0.344–1.423)
Education
 No Ref. Ref.
 Primary 0.984 (0.501–1.933) 0.983 (0.500–1.931)
 Secondary 1.204 (0.673–2.156) 1.204 (0.673–2.155)
 Higher 0.767 (0.292–2.016) 0.768 (0.292–2.018)
Husband’s education
 No Ref. Ref.
 Primary 0.524* (0.253–1.086) 0.524* (0.253–1.086)
 Secondary 0.671 (0.371–1.213) 0.669 (0.370–1.210)
 Higher 0.917 (0.406–2.073) 0.915 (0.405–2.067)
Wealth status
 Poorest Ref. Ref.
 Poorer 0.998 (0.481–2.069) 1.001 (0.483–2.075)
 Middle 1.009 (0.439–2.320) 1.012 (0.440–2.326)
 Rich 1.195 (0.483–2.953) 1.198 (0.485–2.959)
 Richest 0.918 (0.327–2.573) 0.922 (0.329–2.585)
Access to electricity
 No Ref. Ref.
 Yes 4.214** (1.238–14.35) 4.200** (1.234–14.30)
Access to television
 No Ref. Ref.
 Yes 0.893 (0.506–1.577) 0.894 (0.506–1.579)
Religion
 Hindu Ref. Ref.
 Muslim 0.839 (0.386–1.822) 0.835 (0.384–1.814)
 Christian 3.661*** (2.081–6.442) 3.657*** (2.079–6.433)
 Others 1.664 (0.775–3.573) 1.665 (0.775–3.573)
Caste
 SC Ref. Ref.
 ST 0.908 (0.488–1.690) 0.907 (0.487–1.686)
 OBC 0.631 (0.356–1.118) 0.630 (0.356–1.117)
 Others 0.858 (0.465–1.583) 0.856 (0.464–1.580)
Place of residence
 Rural Ref. Ref.
 Urban 1.808*** (1.170–2.795) 1.816*** (1.175–2.807)
IPV# Alcoholic husband
 No# No   Ref.
 No# Yes   2.408*** (1.604–3.615)
 Yes# No   3.615* (0.867–15.07)
 Yes# Yes   4.477*** (1.873–10.70)
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1; AOR Odds Ratio Adjusted for all the covariates in the study, CI Confidence Interval, Ref Reference category, SC Scheduled Caste, ST Scheduled Tribe, OBC Other Backward Class